An experimental study for quality assurance of free-form concrete panels produced by CNC machine
Various studies have been conducted to construct free-form buildings, but it still takes a lot of labor, cost, and time to assure the accuracy of designed shapes. In particular, molds for the production of free-form concrete panels (FCPs) are putting enormous burdens on productivity and cost. To produce FCPs economically, a computerized numeric control (CNC) machine that produces phase change material (PCM) molds for persistent use was developed in this study. The technology using CNC machine can produce precisely free-form molds and panels in a short time compared to the manual method. However, in order to commercialize this technology, it is necessary to verify the shape error of the FCPs. Therefore, the purpose of this paper is an experimental study for securing FCP quality produced by a CNC machine. The results of this study will be used to mass-produce uniform quality of FCPs without depending on the skill and workmanship of the labo
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Adapa [online], 2017 [cited 20 December 2017]. Available from Internet: http://adapa.dk/
Bae, K. J.; Lee, S. H.; Jun, H. J. 2009. A study on digital design process of the materialization of free form design architecture, in 2009 Autumn Annual Conference of the Architectural Institute of Korea 29(1): 221–224.
CRAFT (Center for Rapid Automated Fabrication Technologies) [online], 2014 [cited 15 July 2014]. Available from Internet: http://www.craft-usc.com/
Huyghe, K.; Schoofs, A. 2009. Precast double curved concrete panels: Master’s thesis. Delft University of Technology.
IMCRC (Innovative Manufacturing and Construction Research Center) [online], 2014 [cited 15 July 2014]. Available from Internet: http://www.lboro.ac.uk/eng/research/imcrc/
Ito, T. 2006. Meiso no mori crematorium gifu. Japan Toyo Ito & Associates Meiso no Mori Crematorium Gifu, Japan Toyo Ito & Associates nd.
Janssen, B. 2011. Double curved precast load bearing concrete elements: Master’s thesis. Delft University of Technology.
Kim, K. 2014. Development of production and management technology of free-form concrete segment: Master’s thesis. Kyung Hee University of Architectural Engineering.
Kim, K.; Son, K.; Kim, E. D.; Kim, S. 2015. Current trends and future directions of free-form building technology, Architectural Science Review 58(3): 230–243. https://doi.org/10.1080/00038628.2014.927751
Kim, S. W. 2009. Classification and optimization of irregularshaped building panels by fabrication methods: Focused on Dongdaemun Design Plaza and Park: Master’s thesis. Yonsei University of Architectural Engineering.
Latorre, J. I. P. 2010. Construction method to build ice shells with pneumatic formwork: Master’s thesis. Vienna University of Technology Faculty of Civil Engineering.
Lee, D. 2015. A study of construction and management technology of free-form buildings: Doctor’s thesis. Kyung Hee University of Architectural Engineering.
Lee, D.; Kim, S. 2015. Development of PCM-enabled a typical concrete segment production process, Journal of the Regional Association of Architectural Institute of Korea 17(1): 219–224.
Lee, D.; Lee, S. G.; Kim, S. 2017. Composite phase-change material mold for cost-effective production of free-form concrete panels, Journal of Construction Engineering and Management 143(6), 04017012. https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)CO.1943-7862.0001300
Lee, D.; Lim, J.; Habimana, G.; Lee, T. O.; Kim, S. 2015. Automatic panelizing algorithms of free-form buildings, in 6th International Conference on Construction Engineering and Project Management (ICCEPM 2015), 2015, Korea Institute of Construction Engineering and Management, Busan, Korea, 425–428.
Lee, J. S. 2008. BIM in terms of architectural design, construction technology, Ssangyong Institute of Construction Technology 48: 22–27.
Lim, J.; Habimana, G.; Han, K.; Kim, J. T.; Kim, S. 2015a. Pan - elizing algorithms for free-form concrete panels considering esthetic surfaces, International Journal of Technology and Engineering Studies 1(3): 81–86. https://doi.org/10.20469/ijtes.40003-3
Lim, J.; Lee, D.; Na, Y.; Lim, C.; Kim, S. 2015b. A productioninstallation simulation model of free-form concrete panels, in 6th International Conference on Construction Engineering and Project Management (ICCEPM 2015), 2015, Korea Institute of Construction Engineering and Management, Busan, Korea, 401–404.
Lim, J.; Son, S.; Cho, W.; Kim, S. 2016a. Pattern data for automatic design of free form panels, in The International Congress of Engineering and Information (ICEAI), Osaka, Japan, 1149–1156.
Lim, J.; Son, S.; Na, Y.; Kim, S. 2016b. A basic study of experiment using CNC machine for quality of free-form concrete panels, Proceedings of the 2016 Autumn Annual Conference of the Architectural Institute of Korea 36(2): 953–954.
Lim, J.; Yue, L.; Na, Y.; Kim, S. 2016c. Four cases of pro - duction-installation simulation for free-form concrete panels, Journal of Advances in Technology and Engineering Research 1(2): 22–27. https://doi.org/10.20474/-jater2.1.5
Lindsey, B.; Gehry, F. O. 2001. Digital Gehry: Material resistance digital construction. Springer Science & Business Media, 19–22.
Mandl, P.; Winter, P.; Schmid, V. 2008. Free-forms in composite constructions, in The New House of Music and Music Theatre “Mumuth” In Graz. Eurosteel 2008, Austria.
Oesterle, S.; Vansteenkiste, A.; Mirjan, A. 2012. Zero waste free-form formwork, in Second International Conference on Flexible Formwork, ICFF. CICM and University of Bath, Dept. of Architecture and Civil Engineering.
Payne, J. 2003. The Sydney Opera House, inside and out . Plaza, B. 2006. The return on investment of the Guggen - heim Museum Bilbao, International Journal of Urban and Regional Research 30(2): 452–467. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-2427.2006.00672.x
Ryu, H. G.; Kim, S. J. 2012. Case study of concrete surface design and construction method for freeform building based on BIM: focused on Tri-Bowl, Korea, Journal of the Korea Institute of Building Construction 12(3): 347–357. https://doi.org/10.5345/JKIBC.2012.12.3.347
Savvides, A. 2012. 3.F.S.T.(Free form formwork system technology for concrete structures): Master’s thesis. Budapest University of Technology and Economics.
Schipper, H. R.; Janssen, B. 2011. Manufacturing double-curved elements in precast concrete using a flexible mould: First experimental results, in Proceedings FIB Symposium, Concrete Engineering for Excellence and Efficiency, 8–10 June 2011, Prague, Czech Republic.
Schipper, H.; Eigenraam, P. 2016. Mapping double-curved surfaces for production as precast concrete shell elements, HERON 61: 211–234.
Verhaegh, R. W. A. 2010. Free forms in concrete fabric: Master’s thesis. Eindhoven University of Technology.