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As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  • That this manuscript is original, and has not been formally published (in a journal or book) previously, and is not currently under consideration by any other journal or book.
  • That the authors have taken due care and attention to ensure the integrity of the research reported in this article, and that the contents of the article are – to the best knowledge of the authors – true and that the article does not misrepresent any facts.
  • That all co-authors of this manuscript are aware of, and in agreement with, the terms of this agreement and that the submitted manuscript has been approved by these authors.
  • That if the authors have any competing interests or other conflicts that may bias their article (e.g. financial support) that these are fully disclosed to the editors and within the article.
  • Email addresses of all co-authors will be provided by the submitting author during the submission process.
  • The submission file is in LaTeX document file format, and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • All figures are also uploaded separately in high-resolution as additional files (1200 dpi for line art, 600 dpi for grayscale and 300 dpi for colour). None of them exceeds 20MB.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines of this journal. Where available, DOIs or URLs to the references are provided.