##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.main##

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.sidebar##

Published Jan 16, 2017
Dražen Cvitanić Biljana Vukoje

Abstract

The present paper describes research undertaken to identify causes underlying single-vehicle accidents (in terms of road design, driver behaviour and vehicle handling characteristics), which continuously happen in one specific section of Croatian motorway A1. The research resulted in a proposed procedure for a detection of hazardous locations on motorways and analysis of possible causes of single-vehicle accidents. The main part of the procedure involves test-rides with a vehicle equipped with devices (a ball bank indicator and a GPS data logger), which collect data on driver’s behaviour and vehicle handling characteristics (position, speed, longitudinal and lateral acceleration, heading, path radius, etc.). Despite the fact that the motorway was designed in accordance with the design guidelines, test rides performed by higher operating speeds identified two locations with a lateral acceleration change a few times higher than the design value. The collected data are then used for analysing hypotheses about the possible causes of accidents by using a vehicle dynamic model. The hypothesis that a sudden change in lateral acceleration could result in a driver’s inadequate manoeuvre like braking and cause a vehicle accident was analysed with a transient bicycle model. The results of test rides and the transient bicycle model indicate that speed, intensity of deceleration and underinflated tires significantly affect the probability of a single-vehicle accident.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

Keywords

detection of hazardous locations, single-vehicle accidents, lateral acceleration change, ball bank indicator, GPS data logger, transient bicycle model, alignment inconsistency

References
Automotive Fleet. 2010. 55% of Vehicles Have One Under-Inflated Tire. Available from Internet: http://www.automotive-fleet.com/news/story/2010/06/55-of-vehicles-have-one-under-inflated-tire.aspx

Baffet, G.; Charara, A.; Lechner, D. 2009. Estimation of vehicle sideslip, tire force and wheel cornering stiffness, Control Engineering Practice 17(11): 1255–1264. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.conengprac.2009.05.005

Bridgestone Europe Group. 2013. European Drivers Increasingly Negligent About the Maintenance of Their Tyres. Available from Internet: http://www.bridgestone.eu/corporate/press-releases/2013/04/european-drivers-increasingly-negligent-about-the-maintenance-of-their-tyres

Bundorf, R. 1967. The influence of vehicle design parameters on characteristic speed and understeer, SAE Technical Paper 670078. http://doi.org/10.4271/670078

Cafiso, S; Cava, G. 2009. Driving performance, alignment consistency, and road safety: real-world experiment, Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board 2102: 1–8. http://doi.org/10.3141/2102-01

Cafiso, S.; Cerni, G. 2012. New approach to defining continuous speed profile models for two-lane rural roads, Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board 2309: 157–167. http://doi.org/10.3141/2309-16

Cafiso, S.; Lamm, R.; La Cava, G. 2004. Fuzzy model for safety evaluation process of new and old roads, Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board 1881: 54–62. http://doi.org/10.3141/1881-07

Carlson, P. J. 1995. Correlation of Ball Bank Indicator Readings and Lateral Acceleration: PhD Thesis. Pennsylvania State University, US.

Clark, S. K. (Ed.). 1971. Mechanics of Pneumatic Tires. National Bureau of Standards, Monograph 122. US Government Printing Office. Washington, DC.

ERA-NET. 2012. ERA-NET Road 2012: Safety at the Heart of Road Design. Final Report of the ERA-NET programme.

Fitzpatrick, K.; Miaou, S.; Brewer, M.; Carlson, P.; Wooldridge, M. 2005. Exploration of the relationships between operating speed and roadway features on tangent sections, Journal of Transportation Engineering 131(4): 261–269. http://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)0733-947X(2005)131:4(261)

Gibreel, G.; Easa, S.; El-Dimeery, I. 2001. Prediction of operating speed on three-dimensional highway alignments, Journal of Transportation Engineering 127(1): 21–30. http://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)0733-947X(2001)127:1(21)

Gibreel, G.; Easa, S.; Hassan, Y.; El-Dimeery. I. 1999. State of the art of highway geometric design consistency, Journal of Transportation Engineering 125(4): 305–313. http://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)0733-947X(1999)125:4(305)

Haque, M. M. 2015. The impact of mobile phone distraction on the braking behaviour of young drivers: a hazard-based duration model, Transportation Research Part C: Emerging Technologies 50: 13–27. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.trc.2014.07.011

Hassan, Y. 2004. Highway design consistency: refining the state of knowledge and practice, Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board 1881: 63–71. http://doi.org/10.3141/1881-08

Hassan, Y.; Sayed, T.; Tabernero, V. 2001. Establishing practical approach for design consistency evaluation, Journal of Transportation Engineering 127(4): 295–302. http://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)0733-947X(2001)127:4(295)

Himes, S.; Donnell, E.; Porter, R. 2011. New insights on evaluations of design consistency for two-lane highways, Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board 2262: 31–41. http://doi.org/10.3141/2262-04

Hrvatske Autoceste. 2015. Hrvatske autoceste d.o.o. Available from Internet: http://hac.hr (in Croatian).

Jessen, D.; Schurr, K.; McCoy, P.; Pesti, G.; Huff, R. 2001. Operating speed prediction on crest vertical curves of rural two-lane highways in Nebraska, Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board 1751: 67–75. http://doi.org/10.3141/1751-08

Krammes, R. A.; Rao, K. S.; Oh, H. 1995. Highway Geometric Design Consistency Evaluation Software, Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board 1500: 19–24.

Lamm, R.; Psarianos, B.; Choueiri, E. M; Soilemezoglou, G. 1995. A practical safety approach to highway geometric design international case studies: Germany, Greece, Lebanon, and the United States, in International Symposium on Highway Geometric Design Practices, 30 August – 1 September 1995, Boston, Massachusetts, US, 9-1–9-14.

Marchionna, A.; Perco, P. 2008. Operating speed-profile prediction model for two-lane rural roads in the Italian context, Advances in Transportation Studies 14: 57–68.

Mattar-Habib, C.; Polus, A.; Farah, H. 2008. Further evaluation of the relationship between enhanced consistency model and safety of two-lane rural roads in Israel and Germany, European Journal of Transport and Infrastructure Research 8(4): 320–332.

Medina, A. F.; Tarko, A. P. 2005. Speed factors on two-lane rural highways in free-flow conditions, Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board 1912: 39–46. http://doi.org/10.3141/1912-05

Moyer, R. A.; Berry, D. S. 1940. Marking highway curves with safe speed indications, Highway Research Board Proceedings 20: 399–428.

MPPV. 2001. Pravilnik o osnovnim uvjetima kojima javne ceste izvan naselja i njihovi elementi moraju udovoljavati sa stajališta sigurnosti prometa. NN 110/01. Ministarstvo pomorstva, prometa i veza (MPPV). Available from Internet: http://narodne-novine.nn.hr/clanci/sluzbeni/2001_12_110_1829.html (in Croatian).

NHTSA. 2001. Tire Pressure Special Study. US Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), Washington, DC.

Ng, J. C. W.; Sayed, T. 2004. Effect of geometric design consistency on road safety, Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering 31(2): 218–227. http://doi.org/10.1139/l03-090

Nordeen, D.; Cortese, A. D. 1964. Force and moment characteristics of rolling tires, SAE Technical Paper 640028. http://doi.org/10.4271/640028

Ottesen, J.; Krammes, R. 2000. Speed-profile model for a design-consistency evaluation procedure in the United States, Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board 1701: 76–85. http://doi.org/10.3141/1701-10

Park, Y.-J.; Saccomanno, F. F. 2006. Evaluating speed consistency between successive elements of a two-lane rural highway, Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice 40(5): 375–385. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.tra.2005.08.003

Perco, P. 2008. Influence of the general character of horizontal alignment on operating speed of two-lane rural roads, Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board 2075: 16–23. http://doi.org/10.3141/2075-03

SAE International. 2008. Vehicle Dynamics Terminology. SAE J670 Standard. Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE). 73 p.

Sandberg, U.; Ejsmont, J. A. 2002. Tyre/Road Noise Reference Book. Informex. 640 p.

Schurr, K.; McCoy, P.; Pesti, G.; Huff, R. 2002. Relationship of design, operating, and posted speeds on horizontal curves of rural two-lane highways in Nebraska, Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board 1796: 60–71. http://doi.org/10.3141/1796-07

TRB. 2011. Modeling Operating Speed: Synthesis Report. Transportation Research Circular Number E-C151. Transportation Research Board (TRB), Washington, DC. 136 p. Available from Internet: http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/circulars/ec151.pdf

Wang, Y.; Xu, G.; Bai, H. 2013. Operating speed based alignment consistency evaluation using driving simulator: case studies from Taigan freeway in Jiangxi, China, Promet – Traffic & Transportation 25(1): 23–31. http://doi.org/10.7307/ptt.v25i1.1244

Wong, J. Y. 2008. Theory of Ground Vehicles. 4th edition. Wiley. 592 p.
Section
Articles