Share:


Modelling of the unmanned aerial vehicles flight control system

    Mirosław Adamski   Affiliation

Abstract

The article is an independent work containing the author’s ingenious research methodology and the model of the control system of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles. Furthermore a unique and world first mathematical model of an Unmanned Aerial Vehicle was developed, as well as a simulation program which enabled to investigate the control system of any Unmanned Aerial Vehicles in the tilt duct pitch (altitude), bank (direction), deviation and velocity, depending upon the variable values of the steering coefficient, reinforcement coefficient and the derivative constant. The research program was written in the language of the C++ as the MFC class, on the MS Visual Studio 2010 platform. The main issue resolved in the article is the pioneering research of the process of control during manual and semi-automatic guidance of the Unmanned Aerial Vehicle, with a jet propulsion system to the coordinates of preset points of the flight route. Modelling of the flight control system takes into account: the logical network of operations of the simulation program, the pilot-operator model, the set motion and control deviations as well as the flight control laws. In addition, modeling of the control system takes into account the drive model, engine dynamics, engine thrust, the model of steering actuators and the model of external loads. In contrast, the external load model takes into account the external forces acting on the unmanned aircraft, including gravitational forces and moments, aerodynamic forces and moments, aerodynamic drag, aerodynamic lateral forces, aerodynamic lift forces, aerodynamic heeling moment, mechanism of local angle of attack from damping torque and forces and moments from the engine.

Keyword : modelling, flight control, UAV, manoeuvrability, PID, steering

How to Cite
Adamski, M. (2021). Modelling of the unmanned aerial vehicles flight control system. Aviation, 25(2), 79-85. https://doi.org/10.3846/aviation.2021.13391
Published in Issue
Aug 17, 2021
Abstract Views
95
PDF Downloads
77
Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

References

Adamski, M., & Rajchel, J. (2013). Bezzałogowe Statki Powietrzne, cz. I, Charakterystyka i zastosowanie (pp. 97–102). WSOSP.

Adamski, M. (2015). Bezzałogowe Statki Powietrzne, cz. II, Konstrukcja, wyposażenie i eksploatacja (pp. 57–69, 35–142). WSOSP.

Adamski, M., Vogt, R., & Ćwiklak, J. (2014). Integrated navigation and pilotage systems (pp. 981–985). IEEE. Catalog Number: CFP1429X- CDR. https://doi.org/10.1109/CGNCC.2014.7007341

Biass, E. H., & Braybrook, R. (2012–2013). Compendium drones 2012, Dodatek do Armada 3/2012. Dowodztwo Sił Powietrznych.

Bossert, D. (2002). In PID and Fuzzy Logic pitch attitude hold system for a fighter jet. In AIAA Guidance, Navigation and Control Conference and Exhibit (pp. 1–9). Monterey, California. https://doi.org/10.2514/6.2002-4646

Departament of Defence. (2010). Unmanned System Integrated Roadmap FY 2009–2034. USA Washington D.C. https://doi.org/10.21236/ADA522247

Fresconi, F. (2012). Guidance and control of a projectile with reduced sensors and actuator requirements. Journal of Guidance, Control and Dynamics, 34(6). https://doi.org/10.2514/1.53584

Gacek, J. (1992). Modelowanie i badanie dynamicznych właściwości obiektów balistycznych. Wydawnictwo WAT, Warszawa.

Hansen, B. (2009). Unmanned aircraft systems present & future capabilities (pp. 1–21). Washington.

Holzner, S. (1999). Visual C++. Helion.

Kanat, O. O., Karatay, E., Kose, O., & Oktay, T. (2019). Combined active flow and flight control systems design for morphing UAVs. In Proceedings of The Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part G-Journal of Aerospace Engineering, 233, 1–20. https://doi.org/10.1177/0954410019846045

Oktay, T., & Kose, O. (2019). Dynamic modelling and simulation of quadcopter for several flight conditions. European Journal of Science And Technology, 1, 1–5.

Oktay, T., & Coban, S. (2017). Simultaneous longitudinal and lateral flight control system design for both passive and active morphing TUAVs. Elektronika Ir Elektrotechnika, 23(5), 15–20. https://doi.org/10.5755/j01.eie.23.5.19238

Skinder, T. (2015). ADCOM Unveils New Hale UAV. Unmanned Vehicles, 18.

United States Air Force Unmanned Aircraft Systems Flight Plan 2009–2047. (2012–2013). Washington.

Vogt, R., Adamski, M., & Głębocki, R. (2015). Sterowanie lotem w ujęciu systemowym. Wydawnictwo WSOSP.

Warwick, G., & Dickerson, L. (2012–2013). Cooling down? Aviation Week & Space Technology, December 31, 2012/January 7, 2013, 80–84.