Evaluation of the implementation of the circular economy in EU countries in the context of sustainable development

    Myroslav Kryshtanovych   Affiliation
    ; Viktoriia Filippova Affiliation
    ; Maryna Huba Affiliation
    ; Olga Kartashova Affiliation
    ; Oleksandr Molnar Affiliation


The circular economy is interpreted as a stable economic system, which aims at eliminating the consequences and costs, as well as providing a constant cycle of necessary resources. That is why it is so important to conduct its assessment today. The object of the article is the state of the circulating economy of the leading countries of the world. The purpose of the article is to assess the possibilities and mechanisms of the circular economy in the context of the introduction of the European Union. The methodological basis is a system of mutually complementary general scientific and special methods of cognition. To assess the quality of the implementation of the circular economy, we have chosen the recycling method as the most relevant and easiest to use. The study examined the essence, progress, principles and main advantages of using the circular economy model in the context of implementing this model in 20 countries of the European Union, and the model for analysing the processing possibilities in the European Union as a basic tool for assessing the implementation of a circular economy are presented.

Keyword : circular economy, linear economy, stability, recirculation, manufacturing process, waste, process material

How to Cite
Kryshtanovych, M., Filippova, V. . ., Huba, M., Kartashova, O., & Molnar, O. (2020). Evaluation of the implementation of the circular economy in EU countries in the context of sustainable development. Business: Theory and Practice, 21(2), 704-712.
Published in Issue
Oct 27, 2020
Abstract Views
PDF Downloads
Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


Avraamidou, S., Baratsas, S. G., Tian, Y., & Pistikopoulos, E. N. (2020). Circular economy – a challenge and an opportunity for process systems engineering. Computers & Chemical Engineering, 133, 106629.

Bergh, J. (2020). Six policy perspectives on the future of a semi-circular economy. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 160.

Bocken, N. M., Olivetti, E. A., Cullen, J. M., Potting, J., & Lifset, R. (2017). Taking the circularity to the next level: a special issue on the circular economy. Journal of Industrial Ecology, 21, 476–482.

Bocken, N. M. P., de Pauw, I., Bakker, C., & van der Grinten, B. (2016). Product design and business model strategies for a circular economy. Journal of Industrial and Production Engineering, 33, 308–320.

Bucknall, D. (2020). Plastics as a materials system in a circular economy. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 378(2176), 20190268.

Commoner, B. (1971). The closing circle: Nature, man, and technology. Knopf.

Cramer, J. (2020). Practice-based model for implementing circular economy: the case of the Amsterdam Metropolitan area. Journal of Cleaner Production, 255.

Di Maio, F., & Rem, P. C. (2015). A robust indicator for promoting circular economy through recycling. Journal of Environmental Protection, 6, 1095–1104.

Elia, V., Gnoni, G. M., & Tornese, F. (2017). Measuring circular economy strategies through index methods: A critical analysis. Journal of Cleaner Production, 142(4), 2741–2751.

Garlapati, V., Chandel, A., Sharma, S., Sevda, S., Ingle, A., & Pant, D. (2020). Circular economy aspects of lignin: towards a lignocellulose biorefinery. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 130.

Geissdoerfer, M., Savaget, P., Bocken, N. M. P., & Hultink, E. J. (2017). The circular economy a new sustainability paradigm? Journal of Cleaner Production, 143, 757–768.

George, D., Lin, B., & Chen, Y. (2015). A circular economy model of economic growth. Environmental Modelling and Software, 73, 60–63.

Ghisellini, P., Cialani, C., & Ulgiati, S. (2016). A review on circular economy: the expected transition to a balanced interplay of environmental and economic systems. Journal of Cleaner Production, 114, 11–32.

Giurco, D., et al. (2014). Circular economy: questions for responsible minerals, additive manufacturing and recycling of metals. Resources, 3, 432–453.

Graedel, T. E., & Allenby, B. R. (1995). Industrial ecology. Prentice Hall.

Hervey, G. (2018). Ranking how EU countries do with the circular economy. Politico.

Kalmykova, Y., Sadagopan, M., & Rosado, L. (2018). Circular economy – from review of theories and practices to development of implementation tools. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 135, 190–201.

Kryshtanovych, S., Kindzer, B., Goryn, M., Kravchenko, A., & Frunza, S. (2020). Management of socio-economic development of tourism enterprises. Business: Theory and Practice, 21(1), 420–426.

Kirchherr, J., Reike, D., & Hekkert, M. (2017). Conceptualizing the circular economy: An analysis of 114 definitions. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 127, 221–232.

Lieder, M., & Rashid, A. (2016). Towards circular economy implementation: A comprehensive review in context of manufacturing industry. Journal of Cleaner Production, 115, 36–51.

Odrekhivskyy, M., Kohut, U., Kochan, R., Karpinskyi, V., & Bernas, M. (2019). Problems of environmental innovation systems design. 19th International multidisciplinary scientific Geoconference SGEM 2019, Ecology, Economics, Education and Legislation, 19(5.3), 587–594. Albena, Bulgaria.

Primc, K., Kalar, B., Erker, R., Dominko, M., & Ogorevc, M. (2020). Circular economy configuration indicators in organizational life cycle theory. Ecological Indicators, 116.

Sylkin, O., Kryshtanovych, M., Zachepa, A., Bilous, S., & Krasko, A. (2019). Modeling the process of applying anti-crisis management in the system of ensuring financial security of the enterprise. Business: Theory and Practice, 20, 446–455.

Scheepens, A. E., Vogtlander, J. G., & Brezet, J. C. (2016). Two life cycle assessment (LCA) based methods to analyse and design complex (regional) circular economy systems. Case: Making water tourism more sustainable. Journal of Cleaner Production, 114, 257–268.

Silvestri, F., Spigarelli, F., & Tassinari, M. (2020). Regional development of circular economy in the European Union: A multidimensional analysis. Journal of Cleaner Production, 255.

Skrinjaric, T. (2020). Empirical assessment of the circular economy of selected European countries. Journal of Cleaner Production, 255.

Smol, M., Kulczycka, J., & Avdiushchenko, A. (2017). Circular economy indicators in relation to eco-innovation in European regions. Clean Technologies an Environmental Policy, 19(3), 669–678.

Stahel, W., & Reday, G. (1976). The potential for substituting manpower for energy. Report to the Commission of the European Communities.

Stahel, W. R. (2016). The circular economy.‐circular.economy.1.19594

Suzanne, E., Absi, N., & Borodin, V. (2020). Towards cir cu lar economy in production planning: challenges and opportunities. European Journal of Operational Research, 287(1), 168–190.

Winning, M., Calzadilla, A., Bleischwitz, R., & Nechifor, V. (2017). Towards a circular economy: insights based on the development of the global ENGAGE-materials model and evidence for the iron and steel industry. International Economics and Economic Policy, 14(3), 383–407.