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SCAMPER: improving creative imagination of young children

    Aysun Gündoğan Affiliation

Abstract

Young children are accepted to have creativity abilities. Creativity is a feature that needs to be improved. Many techniques are used to improve creativity. SCAMPER (substitute, combine, adjust, modify/magnify/minify, put to other uses, eliminate, reverse/rearrange) is one of the techniques used to improve creativity. The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of SCAMPER in improving creative imagination of 5-year-old children attending kindergarten. For this purpose, 49 children from the age group of 5 year attending a kindergarten in the Southwestern part of Turkey participated in the study. There were an experimental group and a control group in the study. SCAMPER technique was applied to the children in the experimental group. The control group continued to the normal education program. The data were collected by using Test of Creative Imagination (Child Form), which was developed by Aysun Gündoğan in 2019. At the end of the study, it was found that creative imagination levels of the children in the experimental group receiving education with SCAMPER technique increased. Differences among children receiving SCAMPER education were found in the fluency sub-dimension of creativity. The SCAMPER technique was effective in improving the creative imagination. Therefore, techniques and activities that enable the development of creative imagination should be applied to individuals from an early age.

Article in English.


SCAMPER: mažų vaikų kūrybinės vaizduotės ugdymas

Santrauka

Pripažįstama, kad maži vaikai turi kūrybiškumo gebėjimų. Kūrybiškumas – tai bruožas, kurį reikia ugdyti. SCAMPER (pakeisti, sujungti, pritaikyti, modifikuoti / padidinti / sumažinti, pasiūlyti kitus naudojimo būdus, pašalinti, pakeisti / pertvarkyti) – tai vienas iš metodų, taikomų kūrybiškumui ugdyti. Šio tyrimo tikslas – ištirti SCAMPER poveikį, ugdant 5 metų vaikų, lankančių vaikų darželį, kūrybinę vaizduotę. Šiuo tikslu tyrime dalyvavo 49 vaikai, priklausantys 5 metų amžiaus grupei ir lankančių vaikų darželį pietvakarinėje Turkijos dalyje. Tai buvo tyrimo eksperimentinė grupė ir kontrolinė grupė. SCAMPER metodas buvo pritaikytas eksperimentinės grupės vaikams. Kontrolinėje grupėje buvo toliau vykdoma įprasta ugdymo programa. Duomenys buvo rinkti naudojant kūrybinės vaizduotės testą (vaikams skirtą versiją), kurį 2019 m. sukūrė Aysun Gündoğan. Tyrimo pabaigoje buvo nustatyta, kad eksperimentinės grupės vaikų, ugdomų SCAMPER metodu, kūrybinės vaizduotės lygis tapo aukštesnis. Skirtumai tarp vaikų, ugdomų SCAMPER metodu, buvo pastebėti kūrybiškumo sklandumo poaspekčiu. SCAMPER metodas buvo veiksmingas ugdant kūrybinę vaizduotę, todėl metodai ir veiklos rūšys, sudarančios galimybę ugdyti kūrybinę vaizduotę, turėtų būti taikomi asmenims nuo ankstyvo amžiaus.

Reikšminiai žodžiai: kūrybinė vaizduotė, kūrybiškumas, vaizduotė, vaikų darželis, SCAMPER, maži vaikai.

Keyword : creative imagination, creativity, imagination, kindergarten, SCAMPER, young children

How to Cite
Gündoğan, A. (2019). SCAMPER: improving creative imagination of young children. Creativity Studies, 12(2), 315-326. https://doi.org/10.3846/cs.2019.11201
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Dec 31, 2019
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