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Cultural differences in creative reactions to an ambiguous stimulus

    Petra Potměšilová Affiliation
    ; Miloň Potměšil Affiliation

Abstract

Art therapy has been used in the Czech Republic since the 1950s, and the only thing that has changed over the course of time has been the target group to which art therapy is applied. Art therapy is currently used in three key areas: psychology, social work, and education, or, more precisely, special education. The purpose of the present study is to demonstrate the specific cultural differences during the use of art therapy procedures in the field of education, specifically during work with creativity. The target group for the research consisted of university students from Poland and the Czech Republic. The students were all presented with the same ambiguous stimulus, to which they were to respond artistically. The individual artistic responses were then classified into specific categories, and cultural differences were subsequently evaluated and described.


Santrauka


Meno terapija Čekijoje taikoma nuo XX a. 6-ojo dešimtmečio, vienintelis dalykas, kuris, laikui bėgant, pakito, yra tikslinė grupė, kuriai taikoma meno terapija. Šiuo metu meno terapija pasitelkiama trijose pagrindinėse srityse: psichologijoje, socialiniame darbe ar, tiksliau tariant, specialiajame ugdyme. Šio straipsnio tikslas – at-skleisti specifinius kultūrinius skirtumus, taikant meno terapijos procedūras švietimo srityje, ypač dirbant su kūrybiškumo reiškiniu. Tikslinę tyrimo grupę sudaro universiteto studentai iš Lenkijos ir Čekijos. Visi studentai buvo supažindinti su dviprasmėmis paskatomis, kurias jie turėjo atliepti iš meninės perspektyvos. Tada individualios meninės reakcijos buvo suklasifikuotos į tam tikras kategorijas, o kultūriniai skirtumai – įvertinti ir aprašyti.


Reikšminiai žodžiai: dviprasmė paskata, meno filetika, artphiletics, kognityvinis pasiekiamumas, kūrybiškumas, kultūriniai aspektai, švietimo procesas.

Keyword : ambiguous stimulus, artphiletics, cognitive penetrability, creativity, cultural aspects, educational process

How to Cite
Potměšilová, P., & Potměšil, M. (2019). Cultural differences in creative reactions to an ambiguous stimulus. Creativity Studies, 12(1), 119-130. https://doi.org/10.3846/cs.2019.718
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May 24, 2019
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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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