GIS modeling of waste containers’ placement in urban areas
As a result of this research, a methodical approach to the geoinformational analysis of the waste containers’ placement for the collection of municipal solid waste in urban areas according to current standards and rules for the improvement of settlements was developed. According to the current Rules of maintenance of residential buildings and adjacent territories, waste containers of all types should be installed on a concrete or asphalted site, usually with fencing made of standard reinforced concrete products or other materials with planted shrubs around the site. Moreover, container platforms on wheels should be equipped with a ramp from the roadway and a fence (curb) which is 7–10 cm high, to keep the containers from rolling off to the sides. In the process of determining the optimal locations of waste containers a database of container park was created including the register of containers, the register of platforms, and the register of trash cans was created a list of influencing factors at the data collection stage, was made a proximity analysis and data reclassification to move to a unified scale for calculations of different types and/or heterogeneous source data, and weighted overlay as the main instrument of aggregated analysis. The analysis of the results is based on comparing the location of existing waste container sites with the resulting overlapping areas.
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