The role of tacit knowledge in the formation and continuation of architectural patterns case study: garden-houses of Meybud, Iran


Human has a dimension of knowledge named the tacit knowledge that the main important part of it is obtained through experience and direct connection with phenomena over time that turns into a pattern. Based on knowledge and intelligent use of it, the garden-house pattern appears to have an unbreakable bond with the nature and the understanding of both social and cultural rules of users. The research questions at first place discuss the role of tacit knowledge in shaping the architecture of garden-houses of Meybud and how this knowledge has appeared in architecture of garden-houses of Meybud. Qualitative research method and data collection method relies on library studies and field research. The results indicate that the patterns of housing in Meybud have shaped based on the recognition of two components of environment (the climate and natural context) and human (social norms), understanding of these two and applying them. The tacit knowledge and reliance on experiences is very influential and the garden-house pattern is institutionalized as the most sustainable pattern of architecture.

Keyword : Meybud, knowledge management, tacit knowledge, sustainable pattern, garden-house

How to Cite
Danaeinia, A., & Hodaei, M. (2019). The role of tacit knowledge in the formation and continuation of architectural patterns case study: garden-houses of Meybud, Iran. Journal of Architecture and Urbanism, 43(1), 62-70.
Published in Issue
May 6, 2019
Abstract Views
PDF Downloads
Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


Albers, J. A, & Trinidad, A. L. (2006). Knowledge management software; a selection process. CACCI Journal, (1). Retrieved from

Alexander, Ch. (2011). The timeless ways of building (2nd ed, 3rd ed). Translation by Mehrdad Ghiomi Bidhendi. Tehran: Shahid Beheshti University, Printing & Publishing Center.

Arab, B. (2015). Knowledge management (concepts, principles, goals and models). Tehran.

Barati, N., & Kakavand, E. (2016). Phenomenological study on the recognition of an ancient notion in Iranian-Islamic architecture. Case study: Tehran artillery square, Square of Naghshe Jahan (Isfahan), Laleh Park (Tehran), Shahzadeh Garden (Mahan). Journal of Bagh- e Nazar, (42), 5-18.

Fadaei, Gh. (2016). Knowledge management and presentation of a new model. Information Research and Public Libraries, 22(1), 15-29.

Farhoodi, F., & Dorurdi, F. (2008). The necessity of using knowledge management in increasing the quality of activities of modern organizations. Journal of Technology and Information Sciences, 89-104.

Heydari Tafreshi, Gh., Khadivi, A., & Yousefi, R. (2012). Theories of organization and management in the postmodern world. Tehran. Green culture.

Huysman, M. (2006). It to support knowledge sharing in communication: toward a social analysis. Journal of information technology, 21(3), 51-40.

Irannezhad Parizi, M. (2012). Management in the third millennium. Tehran: Publishing of Managers.

Janeb Allahi, MS. (2006). Forty speeches in anthropology of Meybud. Second and Third Offices, Economic Anthropology. Tehran: Ganjineh Honar Publication.

Kalami, M. (2014). Personal (tacit) knowledge and initial generator of designing: Solutions for using personal knowledge in finding the initial generator at the beginning of the design training (Thesis for doctoral degree in architecture). Shahid Beheshti University.

Venkitachalam, K., & Busch, P. (2012). Tacit knowledge: review and possible research directions. Journal of knowledge management, 16(2), 356-371.

Lazemi Chalak, S., Ansarian, R., & Mohammad Nejad, S. (2012). The role of tacit KM in implementing enterprise resource planning system. First National Conference on Accounting and Managemen. Natanz, Iran.

Mahroeian, H., & Forozia, A. (2012). Challenges in managing tacit knowledge: a study on difficulties in diffusion of tacit knowledge in organizations. International Journal of Business and Social Science, 3(19), 303-308.

Mehr Alizadeh, Y., & Abdi, M. R. (2011). Knowledge management system; Experience of the organization of tax affairs of the country. Ahvaz, Shahid Chamran University.

Miller, Mb. (1997). Participation action research: psychology and social change. Journal of social issue, 53(4), 666-657.

Mohammadi Khabazan, S. (2016). The concept of home in Isfahan Safavid era (1rst ed.). Tehran: Persian Book.

Nari Ghomi, M., Tehrani, F., Raja Ghomi, M., Abbaszadeh, M. J., & Mahalatian, A. (2015). Problem paradigms in architecture: an approach to the problem of a cultur-oriented and application-oriented in architecture. Tehran: Institute of Architecture Science of Royal.

Nonaka, I., & Takeuchi, H. (1995). The knowledge-creating company (edn.). New York, Oxford: Oxford university press.

Oshtoran, K., & Emami Meybodi, R. (2010). Tacit knowledge and technology transfer policies with emphasis on information and communication technology (1rst ed). Tehran: Publication of the University.

Petrochioli, A. (1994). Islamic gardens, architecture, nature, landscapes. Translated by Majid Rasekhi, Tehran: Rozane.

Rahimi Ashtiani, Z. (2012). Designing of housing based on residential patterns in Biram Larestan (Master’s Thesis). Isfahan Art University.

Sameh, R. (2015). Pattern language, example of designing, design experience based on native teachings (1rst ed). Qazvin: University Jihad Publications.

Sharif, H. R., & Mohammad Ali Nejad, F. (2012). Pattern language and cognitive psychology. Journal of Safe, 56, 233-240.

Smith, E. A. (2001). The role of tacit and explicit knowledge in the workplace. Journal of Knowledge Management, 5(4), 311-321.

Soltani, M., Mansouri, S. A., & Farzin, A. A. (2012). Adapting the role of the pattern and the concepts based on the experience in the architectural space. Journal of Bagh- e Nazar, (21), 3-14.

Takashi, I., Sakamoto, M., & Miyake, T. (2011). How to write tacit knowledge as a pattern language: media design for spontaneous and collaborative communities. Procedia – Social and Behavioral science Journal, (26), 46-54.

Wiig, K. M. (2002). New generation knowledge management: what may we expect? Knowledge Research Institute Inc, 1-9.