Comparison of walkability in different urban districts using space syntax


The expansion of cities and increasing car traffic have brought problems such as increased greenhouse emission, noise pollution, and access problems that makes sustainable urban development one of the most significant concerns of urban governors. Obviously, the utilization of public transportation and walkability is one of the highly significant aspects of sustainable development. In an effort for the recognition of urban districts of Bojnourd, the current article compares the extent of walkability in each district. To investigate the walkability index using the opinions of experts and scholars 4 criteria and 22 sub-criteria were taken into consideration. In this regard, the ANP approach was also applied to improve decision making and grading the importance of criteria; districts were finally graded using the TOPSIS model concerning walkability. In the present study as an applied one, field surveys, questionnaires, library studies, and documents were the data collection tools. The findings revealed that the old district (central), have the highest walkability potential in comparison to medial, and the new development districts respectively. Since the old district has the highest amount of mixed land uses, passage connectivity, passage integration, public transport, and so forth, it can be concluded that walkability is closely related to the mentioned factors.

Keyword : walkability, space syntax, TOPSIS, ANP, urban district, mix landuse

How to Cite
Roozkhosh, F., Molavi, M., & Salaripour, A. (2020). Comparison of walkability in different urban districts using space syntax. Journal of Architecture and Urbanism, 44(1), 1-10.
Published in Issue
Mar 10, 2020
Abstract Views
PDF Downloads
Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


Brandstaetter, C., Alan, G., & Evgenikos, P. (2010). Traffic safety basic facts pedestrians. Directorate – General for Mobility and Transport, 1–22.

Chapman, D. (2004). Creating neighborhoods and places in the built environment. Taylor & Francis.

Dettlafe, W. (2014). Space syntax analysis – methodology of understanding the space. PhD Interdisciplinary Journal, 283–329.

Ewing, R., Handy, S., Brownson, R., Clemente, O., & Winston, E. (2006). Identifying and measuring urban design qualities related to walkability. Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 3(Suppl 1), S223–S240.

Haeri, M. (1992). The color of losing the historic city in the colorless history of urban growth. Abadi Journal, 2(6) (in Farsi).

Hung, W. T., & Manandhar, A., & Ranasinghege, S. A. (2010). A walkability survey in Hong Kong. In TRANSED 2010: 12th International Conference on Mobility and Transport for Elderly and Disabled Persons, Hong Kong, China.

Iranian Statistical Center. (2016).

Lee, Y., & Wu, W. (2005). Development strategies for competency models. International Trade Department, Ta Hwa Institute of Technology, Taiwan.

Litman, T. A. (2017). Economic value of walkability. Victoria Transport Policy Institute.

Lwin, K., & Murayama, Y. (2010). Modelling of urban green space walkability: Eco-friendly walk score calculator. Computers, Environment and Urban Systems, 35, 408–420.

Martin, A. (2006). Factors influencing pedestrian safety: a literature review. In Pedestrian Attitudes, Behaviour and Road Safety Client: Ben Johnson, London Road Safety Unit, Transport for London. Copyright TRL Limited February.

Moeini, M. M. (2007). Pedestrian behavior in relation to residential and commercial locations case study: district 6 of Tehran municipality. Journal of Fine Arts, 32, 15–26.

Mohammadi, A., & Hajizadeh, M. I. (2016). Measurement and ranking of urban neighborhoods in pedestrian city indicators (Case study: Ardabil city). Journal of Urban Research and Planning, 3(26), 131–152.

Naqsh,e Jahan-Pars consulting engineer. (2011). Bojnurd comprehensive plan. Ministry Road and Urban development.

Nasiri, E. (2012). Design and control strategies of pedestrian urban spaces. Geography Educating Journal of Roshd, 25(4), 13–19.

Pourmohammadi, M., & Koushaneh, R. (2014). Evaluation and analysis of urban public spaces using Topsis model (Case study: Tabriz city). Urban and Regional Studies and Researches, 5(17), 37–52.

Rafieian, M., & Sedighi, E., & PourMohammadi, M. (2012). Feasibility of enhancing environmental quality by making urban axes walkable (Case study: Eram st. of Qom city). Urban and Regional Studies and Researches, 3(11), 41–56.

Raja, A., Raja, N., & Zahari, R. (2013). Perceptions of the urban walking environments. Asia Pacific International Conference on Environment-Behaviour Studies. Procedia – Social and Behavioral Sciences, 105, 589–597.

Rattan, A., Campese, A., & Eden, Ch. (2012). Modelling walkability, regional municipality of Halton, Ontario, Canada (pp. 30–33).

SabzaliYamghani, A., & Alesheikh, A. (2015). Development and evaluation of a walkability index (Case study: Neighborhoods of Qom city). ISC Journal of Cartographic Science and Technology, 5(1), 159–174.

Shamsuddin, S., Abu Hassan, N. R., Ilani, B., & Siti, F. (2012). Walkable environment in increasing the liveability of a city. ASEAN Conference on Environment-Behaviour Studies (pp. 167–178). Bangkok, Thailand.

Soltani, A., & Pirouzi, R. (2013). Surveying pedestrian capability in cultural-historical axes [Case study: Hafiz axe of Shiraz]. City and Native Architecture Journal, 3, 65–77 (in Farsi).

Waldock, R. (2012). Designing for pedestrians: guidelines. Department of Transport.

Ziari, K., ParsiPour, H., & Aliabadi, N. (2012). Mid era fabric of cities: A capacity towards compact city pattern (Case study: Bojnourd city). Journal of Geography and Regional Development, 10(19), 215–236.