the manuscript is their own original work, and does not duplicate any other previously published work, including their own previously published work;
the manuscript has been submitted only to this journal; it is not under consideration or peer review or accepted for publication or in press or published elsewhere;
the manuscript contains nothing that is abusive, defamatory, libellous, obscene, fraudulent, or illegal.
Non-compliance with any of the above conditions will be considered misconduct and dealt with accordingly. Equally, if authors are found guilty of infringing any of the above, the publisher reserves the right to charge the authors with costs which the journal incurs for their manuscript at the discretion of the Journal’s Editors and the publisher.