Time‐varying volatility modelling of Baltic stock markets

    Bora Aktan Affiliation
    ; Renata Korsakienė Affiliation
    ; Rasa Smaliukienė Affiliation


As time‐varying volatility has found applications in roughly all time series modelling in economics, it largely draws attention in the areas of financial markets. This study also examines the characteristics of conditional volatility in the Baltic Stock Markets (Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania) by using a broad range of GARCH volatility models. Correctly forecasting the volatility leads to better understanding and managing financial market risk. Daily returns from four Baltic stock indexes are used; Estonia (TALSE index), Latvia (RIGSE index), Lithuania (VILSE index) and synthetic BALTIC benchmark index. We test a large family of GARCH models, including; the basic GARCH model, GARCH‐in‐mean model, asymmetric exponential GARCH and GJR GARCH, power GARCH and component GARCH model. We find strong evidence that daily returns from Baltic Stock Markets can be successfully modelled by GARCH‐type models. For all Baltic markets, we conclude that increased risk will not necessarily lead to a rise in the returns. All of the analysed indexes exhibit complex time series characteristics involving asymmetry, long tails and complex autoregression in the returns. Results from this study are firmly recommended to financial officers and international investors.


Straipsnyje analizuojamas salyginis Baltijos vertybiniu popieriu rinku (Estijos, Latvijos ir Lietuvos) nepastovumas, taikant eile GARCH kintamumo modeliu. Pažymetina, kad tinkamai prognozuojant nepastovuma, galima geriau suvokti ir valdyti finansiniu rinku rizika. Straipsnyje remiamasi keturiu Baltijos šaliu kasdienemis akciju indeksu gražomis; Estijos (TALSE indeksu), Latvijos (RIGSE indeksu), Lietuvos (VILSE indeksu) ir sintetiniu palyginamuoju BALTIC indeksu. Pritaikius eile GARCH kintamumo modeliu, galima teigti, kad didejanti rizika Baltijos šaliu rinkose nebūtinai itakos vertybiniu popieriu gražos augima. Tyrimo metu gauti rezultatai rekomenduojami finansu specialistams ir investuotojams.

First Published Online: 10 Feb 2011

Reikšminiai žodžiai: Baltijos vertybiniu popieriu rinkos, salyginis nepastovumas, GARCH modeliai, finansine rizika, graža

Keyword : Baltic stock markets, conditional volatility, GARCH models, financial risk, returns

How to Cite
Aktan, B., Korsakienė, R., & Smaliukienė, R. (2010). Time‐varying volatility modelling of Baltic stock markets. Journal of Business Economics and Management, 11(3), 511-532.
Published in Issue
Sep 30, 2010
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