What motivates stakeholders to engage in collaborative innovation in the infrastructure megaprojects?

    Xiaoyan Chen Affiliation
    ; Qinghua He Affiliation
    ; Xinyue Zhang Affiliation
    ; Tingting Cao Affiliation
    ; Yan Liu Affiliation


Collaborative innovation has become an innovation paradigm to improve innovation performance and firms’ economic output. However, there is relatively little research investigating stakeholders’ drivers for engaging in collaborative innovation and the relative importance of drivers in infrastructure megaprojects. This research aims to address this gap by identifying the drivers for collaborative innovation and their relative importance in the context of infrastructure megaprojects. We adopt the literature review and questionnaire survey methods to identify drivers, the Relative Importance Index to rank them, and exploratory factor analysis to group them. The results show that 18 drivers are grouped into 6 dimensions. Their rankings are as follows: responding to project and clients’ requirements, improving efficiency, gaining rewards, learning, responding to competition, responding to environmental changes. The research contributes to stakeholders’ drivers to engage in collaborative innovation and the relative importance of drivers in the context of infrastructure megaprojects. Identifying and prioritizing stakeholders’ drivers can provide practitioners with suggestions on managing the collaborative innovation process in infrastructure megaprojects.

Keyword : infrastructure megaproject, collaborative innovation, drivers, relative importance, exploratory factor analysis, principal component analysis

How to Cite
Chen, X., He, Q., Zhang, X., Cao, T., & Liu, Y. (2021). What motivates stakeholders to engage in collaborative innovation in the infrastructure megaprojects?. Journal of Civil Engineering and Management, 27(8), 579-594.
Published in Issue
Nov 8, 2021
Abstract Views
PDF Downloads
Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


Akintoye, A., & Main, J. (2007). Collaborative relationships in construction: the UK contractors’ perception. Engineering, Construction and Ar-chitectural Management, 14(6), 597–617.

Antikainen, M., Mäkipää, M., & Ahonen, M. (2010). Motivating and supporting collaboration in open innovation. European Journal of Innovation Management, 13(1), 100–119.

Balaji, M. S., Khong, K. W., & Chong, A. Y. L. (2016). Determinants of negative word-of-mouth communication using social networking sites. Information and Management, 53(4), 528–540.

Baldwin, C., & Hippel, E. V. (2009). Modeling a paradigm shift: From producer innovation to user and open collaborative innovation. Organiza-tion Science, 22(6), 1399–1417.

Battistella, C., & Nonino, F. (2012). Open innovation web-based platforms: The impact of different forms of motivation on collaboration. Innova-tion, 14(4), 557–575.

Battistella, C., & Nonino, F. (2013). Exploring the impact of motivations on the attraction of innovation roles in open innovation web-based plat-forms. Production Planning and Control, 24(2–3), 226–245.

Bossink, B. A. G. (2004). Managing drivers of innovation in construction networks. Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, 130(3), 337–345.

Bossle, M. B., Dutra De Barcellos, M., Vieira, L. M., & Sauvée, L. (2016). The drivers for adoption of eco-innovation. Journal of Cleaner Pro-duction, 113, 861–872.

Bucic, T., & Ngo, L. V. (2012). Examining drivers of collaborative inbound open innovation: Empirical evidence from Australian firms. Interna-tional Journal of Innovation Management, 16(4), 123–167.

Cai, W.-g., & Zhou, X.-l. (2014). On the drivers of eco-innovation: empirical evidence from China. Journal of Cleaner Production, 79, 239–248.

Cao, D., Wang, G., Li, H., Skitmore, M., Huang, T., & Zhang, W. (2015). Practices and effectiveness of building information modelling in con-struction projects in China. Automation in Construction, 49, 113–122.

Cao, D., Li, H., Wang, G., & Zhang, W. (2016). Linking the motivations and practices of design organizations to implement Building information modeling in construction projects: Empirical study in China. Journal of Management in Engineering, 32(6), 04016013.

Chang, C.-Y., & Chou, H.-Y. (2014). Transaction-cost approach to the comparative analysis of user-pay and government-pay public-private part-nership systems. Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, 140(9), 04014039.

Chen, H., Jin, Z., Su, Q., & Yue, G. (2020). The roles of captains in megaproject innovation ecosystems: the case of the Hong Kong‐Zhuhai‐Macau Bridge. Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management, 28(3), 662–680.

Chua, Y. P. (2009). Research methodology and statistics (2nd ed.). McGraw-Hill.

Cinzia, B., & Fabio, N. (2013). Exploring the impact of motivations on the attraction of innovation roles in open innovation web-based platforms. Production Planning & Control, 24(2–3), 226–245.

Davies, A., & Mackenzie, I. (2014). Project complexity and systems integration: constructing the London 2012 Olympics and Paralympics games. International Journal of Project Management, 32(5), 773–790.

Davies, A., Gann, D. M., & Douglas, T. (2009). Innovation in megaprojects: Systems integration at London Heathrow Terminal 5. California Management Review, 51(2), 101–125.

Davies, A., MacAulay, S., DeBarro, T., & Thurston, M. (2014). Making innovation happen in a megaproject: London’s crossrail suburban railway system. Project Management Journal, 45(6), 25–37.

Davies, A., Brady, T., Prencipe, A., & Hobday, M. (2015). Innovation in complex products and systems: Implications for project-based organizing. Project-Based Organizing and Strategic Management, 28, 3–26.

Derakhshan, R., Turner, R., & Mancini, M. (2019). Project governance and stakeholders: a literature review. International Journal of Project Management, 7(1), 98–116.

Dodgson, M., Gann, D., MacAulay, S., & Davies, A. (2015). Innovation strategy in new transportation systems: The case of Crossrail. Transpor-tation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 77, 261–275.

Doloi, H., Sawhney, A., Iyer, K. C., & Rentala, S. (2012). Analysing factors affecting delays in Indian construction projects. International Journal of Project Management, 30(4), 479–489.

Esposito De Falco, S., Renzi, A., Orlando, B., & Cucari, N. (2017). Open collaborative innovation and digital platforms. Production Planning and Control, 28(16), 1344–1353.

Fernandes, T., & Remelhe, P. (2016). How to engage customers in co-creation: customers’ motivations for collaborative innovation. Journal of Strategic Marketing, 24(3–4), 311–326.

Field, A. (2000). Discovering statistics using SPSS for Windows: Advance techniques for the beginner. Sage Publications Ltd.

Flyvbjerg, B. (2014). What you should know about megaprojects and why: An overview. Project Management Journal, 45(2), 6–19.

Fornell, C., & Larcker, D. F. (1981). Evaluating structural equation models with unobservable variables and measurement error. Journal of Mar-keting Research, 18(1), 39–50.

Foroudi, P., Nazarian, A., Ziyadin, S., Kitchen, P., Hafeez, K., Priporas, C., & Pantano, E. (2020). Co-creating brand image and reputation through stakeholder’s social network. Journal of Business Research, 114, 42–59.

Füller, J. (2010). Refining virtual co-creation from a consumer perspective. California Management Review, 52(2), 98–122.

Gellert, P. K., & Lynch, B. D. (2003). Megaprojects as displacements. International Social Science Journal, 55(175), 15–25.

Gunduz, M., & Abdi, E. A. (2020). Motivational factors and challenges of cooperative partnerships between contractors in the construction indus-try. Journal of Management in Engineering, 36(4), 04020018.

Gündüz, M., Nielsen, Y., & Özdemir, M. (2013). Quantification of delay factors using the Relative importance index method for construction pro-jects in Turkey. Journal of Management in Engineering, 29(2), 133–139.

Havenvid, M. I., Hulthén, K., Linné, Å., & Sundquist, V. (2016). Renewal in construction projects: tracing effects of client requirements. Con-struction Management and Economics, 34(11), 790–807.

He, Q., Chen, X., Wang, G., Zhu, J., Yang, D., Liu, X., & Li, Y. (2019). Managing social responsibility for sustainability in megaprojects: An innovation transitions perspective on success. Journal of Cleaner Production, 241, 118395.

Hojnik, J., & Ruzzier, M. (2016). What drives eco-innovation? A review of an emerging literature. Environmental Innovation and Societal Transi-tions, 19, 31–41.

Kaiser, H. (1974). An index of factor simplicity. Psychometrika, 39(1), 31–36.

Kao, S.-C., & Wu, C. (2016). The role of creation mode and social networking mode in knowledge creation performance: Mediation effect of crea-tion process. Information and Management, 53(6), 803–816.

Keskin, B., Salman, B., & Ozorhon, B. (2020). Airport project delivery within BIM-centric construction technology ecosystems. Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management, 28(2), 530–548.

Lehtinen, J., Peltokorpi, A., & Artto, K. (2019). Megaprojects as organizational platforms and technology platforms for value creation. Internation-al Journal of Project Management, 37(1), 43–58.

Leverick, F., & Littler, D. (1993). Risks and rewards of collaboration. Manchester School of Management, UMIST, Manchester.

Li-Ying, J., Mothe, C., & Nguyen, T. T. U. (2018). Linking forms of inbound open innovation to a driver-based typology of environmental inno-vation: Evidence from French manufacturing firms. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 135, 51–63.

Liu, B., Hu, Y., Wang, A., Yu, Z., Yu, J., & Wu, X. (2018). Critical factors of effective public participation in sustainable energy projects. Journal of Management in Engineering, 34(5), 04018029.

Locatelli, G., Mikic, M., Kovacevic, M., Brookes, N., & Ivanisevic, N. (2017). The successful delivery of megaprojects: A novel research method. Project Management Journal, 48(5), 78–94.

Locatelli, G., Greco, M., Invernizzi, D. C., Grimaldi, M., & Malizi, S. (2021). What about the people? Micro-foundations of open innovation in megaprojects. International Journal of Project Management, 39(2), 115–127.

Lu, C., Rong, K., You, J., & Shi, Y. (2014). Business ecosystem and stakeholders’ role transformation: Evidence from Chinese emerging electric vehicle industry. Expert Systems with Applications, 41(10), 4579–4595.

Martínez-Cañas, R., Ruiz-Palomino, P., Linuesa-Langreo, & Blazquez-Resino, J. J. (2016). Consumer participation in co-creation: An enlightening model of causes and effects based on ethical values and transcendent motives. Frontiers in Psychology, 7, 793.

Mustafa, G., & Ali, N. (2019). Rewards, autonomous motivation and turnover intention: Results from a non-Western cultural context. Cogent Business and Management, 6(1), 1676090.

Nikas, A., Poulymenakou, A., & Kriaris, P. (2007). Investigating antecedents and drivers affecting the adoption of collaboration technologies in the construction industry. Automation in Construction, 16(5), 632–641.

Ogwueleka, A. C., & Udoudoh, F. P. (2018). The impact of risk and reward dynamics in incentive compensation plans in the Nigerian construction industry. International Journal of Construction Management, 18(3), 247–259.

Ozorhon, B. (2013a). Analysis of construction innovation process at project level. Journal of Management in Engineering, 29(4), 455–463.

Ozorhon, B. (2013b). Response of construction clients to low-carbon building regulations. Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, 139(12), A501300.

Ozorhon, B., & Oral, K. (2017). Drivers of innovation in construction projects. Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, 143(4), 04016118.

Pallant, J. (2012). SPSS survival manual – a step by step guide to data analysis using the SPSS program (4th ed.). McGraw Hill.

Papadonikolaki, E. (2018). Loosely coupled systems of innovation: Aligning BIM adoption with implementation in Dutch construction. Journal of Management in Engineering, 34(6), 05018009.

Parjanen, S. (2012). Experiencing creativity in the organization: From individual creativity to collective creativity. Interdisciplinary Journal of In-formation, Knowledge, and Management, 7, 109–128.

Podsakoff, P. M., MacKenzie, S. B., Lee, J.-Y., & Podsakoff, N. P. (2003). Common method biases in behavioral research: A critical review of the literature and recommended remedies. Journal of Applied Psychology, 88(5), 879–903.

Rong, K., Patton, D., & Chen, W. (2018). Business models dynamics and business ecosystems in the emerging 3D printing industry. Technologi-cal Forecasting and Social Change, 134, 234–245.

Rutten, M. E. J., Dorée, A. G., & Halman, J. I. M. (2009). Innovation and interorganizational cooperation: a synthesis of literature. Construction Innovation, 9(3), 285–297.

Sergeeva, N., & Zanello, C. (2018). Championing and promoting innovation in UK megaprojects. International Journal of Project Management, 36(8), 1068–1081.

Serrano, V., & Fischer, T. (2007). Collaborative innovation in ubiquitous systems. Journal of Intelligent Manufacturing, 18(5), 599–615.

Shao, J., & Müller, R. (2011). The development of constructs of program context and program success: A qualitative study. International Journal of Project Management, 29(8), 947–959.

Sun, Y., Liu, J., & Ding, Y. (2020). Analysis of the relationship between open innovation, knowledge management capability and dual innovation. Technology Analysis and Strategic Management, 32(1), 15–28.

Walker, D. H. T., & Lloyd-Walker, B. M. (2016). Understanding the motivation and context for alliancing in the Australian construction industry. International Journal of Managing Projects in Business, 9(1), 74–93.

Wang, C., & Hu, Q. (2020). Knowledge sharing in supply chain networks: Effects of collaborative innovation activities and capability on innova-tion performance. Technovation, 94–95, 102010.

Wang, G., He, Q., Meng, X., Locatelli, G., Yu, T., & Yan, X. (2017). Exploring the impact of megaproject environmental responsibility on organi-zational citizenship behaviors for the environment: A social identity perspective. International Journal of Project Management, 35(7), 1402–1414.

Wang, G., He, Q., Xia, B., Meng, X., & Wu, P. (2018). Impact of institutional pressures on organizational citizenship behaviors for the environ-ment: Evidence from megaprojects. Journal of Management in Engineering, 34(5), 04018028.

Worsnop, T., Miraglia, S., & Davies, A. (2016). Balancing open and closed innovation in megaprojects: Insights from crossrail. Project Manage-ment Journal, 47(4), 79–94.

Xue, X., Shen, Q., & Ren, Z. (2010). Critical review of collaborative working in construction projects: Business environment and human behav-iors. Journal of Management in Engineering, 26(4), 196–208.

Xue, X., Zhang, R., Wang, L., Fan, H., Yang, R. J., & Dai, J. (2017). Collaborative innovation in construction project: A social network perspec-tive. KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering, 22(2), 417–427.

Xue, H., Zhang, S., Su, Y., Wu, Z., & Yang, R. J. (2018). Effect of stakeholder collaborative management on off-site construction cost perfor-mance. Journal of Cleaner Production, 184, 490–502.

Yan, H., Elzarka, H., Gao, C., Zhang, F., & Tang, W. (2019). Critical success criteria for programs in China: Construction companies’ perspec-tives. Journal of Management in Engineering, 35(1), 04018048.

Zhang, L., & Xue, X. (2014). Dynamic mechanism of technology innovation across multi-stakeholders in mega infrastructure projects. In ICCREM 2014: Smart Construction and Management in the Context of New Technology (pp. 143–175), Kunming, China.

Zhang, R., Wang, Z., Tang, Y., & Zhang, Y. (2020). Collaborative innovation for sustainable construction: The case of an industrial construction project network. IEEE Access, 8, 41403–41417.

Zhao, J., Wu, G., Xi, X., Na, Q., & Liu, W. (2018). How collaborative innovation system in a knowledge-intensive competitive alliance evolves? An empirical study on China, Korea and Germany. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 137, 128–146.