Nonlinear stability of a single-layer hybrid grid shell
This paper presents a study of a hybrid grid shell, which is made of quadrangular meshes diagonally stiffened by pre-tensioned thin cables. The construction of the hybrid structure by translating a spatial curve against another spatial curve is firstly described. Then the elasto-plastic buckling analyses of the perfect hybrid structure and the corresponding single-layer lattice shell are carried out, and the influence of the asymmetric load on the failure loads is discussed based on a finite element model. Furthermore, the different shapes and sizes of imperfections are considered in this study. Two schemes of imposing imperfections are chosen: the first several eigenvalue buckling modes and the deformed shape of the loaded structure obtained from a geometrical non-linear analysis are chosen as the imperfection shape. Finally, the effects of different structural parameters, such as the rise-to-span ratio, beam section dimension, area and pre-stress of cables and boundary conditions, on the failure loads are investigated.