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Prediction of the anticlastic shape changes of hybrid composite material

Abstract

In search of structurally better and aesthetically more attractive solutions of the erection of various structures, non‐standard anticlastic elements are used more frequently. Therefore preservation of the initial shape of timber composite material sheets by using of reinforced plastic reinforcement has been investigated. Calculation model for determination of the thickness of rational reinforcement anticlastic sheet, which provides change of the original bending radius under variable moisture conditions (Baikovs and Rocens, 2006) within the limits of preferable intervals is developed by authors and using finite element method, calculations and modelling of sheet deformations are carried out with software package ANSYS v.11 (henceforth FEM) and by developed analytical method. Comparative research of the results calculated with the FEM and developed calculation model showed that the difference between results in the three cases investigated, when the composite timber material is reinforced on the top, bottom and both sides for the most of the cases does not exceed 3.3%. An opportunity to provide the original shape of anticlastic timber composite material sheets by using glass fibre reinforced plastic reinforcement under variable moisture conditions and not exceeding the difference of 5% has been demonstrated.


Santrauka


Ieškant ivairiu konstrukciju statiniu konstrukciškai geresniu ir estetiškai patrauklesniu sprendiniu, dažniausiai naudojami nestandartiniai antiklastiniai elementai. Todel buvo tyrinetas medienos kompozitines medžiagos lakštu pradinio pavidalo išsaugojimas naudojant sustiprinta plastiko armatūra. Skaičiuojamasis modelis, padedantis nustatyti racionaliai armuoto antiklastinio lakšto stori, kuris pakeičia pradini lenkimo spinduli kintamomis dregmes salygomis (Baikovs, Rocens 2006) tarp priimtinu intervalu ribu, yra sukurtas autoriu ir, taikant baigtiniu elementu metoda, lakšto deformaciju skaičiavimai bei modeliavimas atlikti kompiuteriniu programu paketu ANSYS v. 11 (toliau ‐ FEM) ir pagal sukurta analitini metoda. Rezultatu, apskaičiuotu su FEM ir pagal sukurta analitini modeli, lyginamasis tyrimas parode, kad skirtumas tarp triju tirtu atveju, kai medienos kompozitine medžiaga yra armuota viršuje, apačioje ir iš abieju pusiu, rezultatai daugeliu atveju neviršija 3,3%. Parodyta galimybe suteikti originalu pavidala antiklastiniams medienos kompozitiniams lakštams naudojant stiklo pluoštu sustiprinto plastiko armatūra ivairiomis dregmes salygomis ir neviršijant 5% skirtumo.


First Published Online: 24 Jun 2011


Reikšminiai žodžiai: poslinkiaidregmes salygosmedienos kompozitine medžiagastiklo pluošto plastikasarmatūra

Keyword : displacements, moisture changes, composite timber material, glass fibre plastic, reinforcement

How to Cite
Baikovs, A., & Rocēns, K. (2010). Prediction of the anticlastic shape changes of hybrid composite material. Journal of Civil Engineering and Management, 16(2), 222-229. https://doi.org/10.3846/jcem.2010.25
Published in Issue
Jun 30, 2010
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