Share:


Numerical and experimental investigation for hybrid Photovoltaic/thermal collector system in Duhok city

    Semyan Khaled Affiliation
    ; Omar Ali Affiliation

Abstract

The study deals with the experimental and numerical investigation of the hybrid Photovoltaic-thermal solar collector system in Duhok city during seven months and includes different measurements of temperatures, water mass flow rate, wind velocity, and solar intensity. A one-dimensional mathematical model is used to simulate the transient processes with constant thermo-physical properties and heat transfer coefficients. The energy conservation equations are solved using implicit finite difference method. The numerical and experimental results showed satisfactory agreement with an error (2.36%) between two thermal efficiencies. The results include the estimation of the electrical and thermal energy, thermal, electrical and overall efficiency. The highest overall efficiency of PV/T collector occurs in May 2019 with value (72.01%) and the lowest value in January 2019 is obtained as (63.1%). The cooling method leads to an increase in the electrical efficiency to about 3% as compared with PV solar collector system.

Keyword : solar, radiation, thermal, Photovoltaic, Eco-Energy, numerical, experimental, collector, electrical, efficiency, power, Duhok

How to Cite
Khaled, S., & Ali, O. (2020). Numerical and experimental investigation for hybrid Photovoltaic/thermal collector system in Duhok city. Journal of Environmental Engineering and Landscape Management, 28(4), 202-212. https://doi.org/10.3846/jeelm.2020.13691
Published in Issue
Dec 15, 2020
Abstract Views
95
PDF Downloads
68
Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

References

Abdullah, A. L., Misha, S., Tamaldin, N., Rosli, M. A. M., & Sachit, F. A. (2020). Theoretical Study and indoor experimental validation of performance of the new photovoltaic thermal solar collector (PVT) based water system. Case Studies in Thermal Engineering, 18, 100401. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.csite.2019.100401

Ali, O., & Jameel, A. (2011). Performance analysis of the solar water heating system in Zakho City. Polytechnic Journal, 1(1).

Alobaid, M., Hughes, B., O’Connor, D., Calautit, J., & Heyes, A. (2018). Improving thermal and electrical efficiency in photovoltaic thermal systems for sustainable cooling system integration. Journal of Sustainable Development of Energy, Water and Environment Systems, 6(2), 305–322. https://doi.org/10.13044/j.sdewes.d5.0187

Alyousifi, S. O., & Ali, O. M. (2020). An experimental investigation of glazed flat plate PVT hybrid solar collector in Duhok city. Journal of University of Duhok Pure and Engineering Science, 22(2).

Ceylan, I., Gürel, A. E., Demircan, H., & Aksu, B. (2014). Cooling of a photovoltaic module with temperature controlled solar collector. Energy and Buildings, 72, 96–101. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enbuild.2013.12.058

Chaichan, M. T., & Kazem, H. A. (2018). Generating electricity using photovoltaic solar plants in Iraq generating electricity using photovoltaic solar plants in Iraq. Springer International Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-75031-6

Chow, T. T. (2003). Performance analysis of photovoltaic-thermal collector by explicit dynamic model. Solar Energy, 75(2), 143–152. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solener.2003.07.001

Chow, T. T., He, W., & Ji, J. (2006). Hybrid photovoltaic-thermosyphon water heating system for residential application. Solar Energy, 80(3), 298–306. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solener.2005.02.003

Dubey, S., Sarvaiya, J. N., & Seshadri, B. (2013). Temperature dependent photovoltaic (PV) efficiency and its effect on PV production in the world – a review. Energy Procedia, 33, 311–321. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2013.05.072

Duffie, J., & Beckman, W. (2013). Solar engineering of thermal processes (4th ed.). John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118671603

Garg, H. P., Agarwal, R. K., & Joshi, J. C. (1994). Experimental study on a hybrid photovoltaic – thermal solar water heater and its performance predictions. Energy Conversion and Management, 35(7), 621–633. https://doi.org/10.1016/0196-8904(94)90045-0

Heaton, H. S., Reynolds, W. C., & Kays, W. M. (1964). Heat transfer simultaneous temperature. International Journal of Heat Mass Transfer, 7, 763–781. https://doi.org/10.1016/0017-9310(64)90006-7

Hollands, K. G. T., Unny, T. E., Raithby, G. D., & Konicek, L. (1976). Free convective heat transfer across inclined air layers. Journal of Heat Transfer, 98(2), 189–193. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.3450517

Holman, J. P. (2012). Experimental methods for engineers. McGraw-Hill Series in Mechanical Engineering. McGraw-Hill.

Kazem, H. A. (2019). Evaluation and analysis of water-based photovoltaic/thermal (PV/T) system. Case Studies in Thermal Engineering, 13, 100401. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.csite.2019.100401

Kern, E. C., & Russell, M. C. (1978, June). Combined photovoltaic and thermal hybrid collector systems. In 13th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists’ Conference. Washington, USA.

Khaled, S. (2019). Numerical and experimental investigation of hybrid photovoltaic/thermal collector system in Duhok city [MSc Thesis]. Duhok Polytechnic University.

Khatiwada, M., & Ghimire, G. (2015). Study of performance of solar photovoltaic thermal collector at different temperatures. International Journal of Scientific and Research, 5(11), 266–271.

Mousavi, S., Kasaeian, A., Shafii, M. B., & Jahangir, M. H. (2018). Numerical investigation of the effects of a copper foam filled with phase change materials in a water-cooled photovoltaic/ thermal system. Energy Conversion and Management, 163, 187–195. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enconman.2018.02.039

Raghuraman, P. (1981). Analytical predictions of liquid and air photovoltaic/thermal, flat-plate collector performance. Journal of Solar Energy Engineering, Transactions of the ASME, 103(4), 291–298. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.3266256

Saitoh, H., Hamada, Y., Kubota, H., Nakamura, M., Ochifuji, K., Yokoyama, S., & Nagano, K. (2003). Field experiments and analyses on a hybrid solar collector. Applied Thermal Engineering, 23(16), 2089–2105. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1359-4311(03)00166-2

Saleh, A. (2012). Modeling of flat-plate solar collector [MSc Thesis, Purdue University]. USA.

Sathe, T. M., & Dhoble, A. S. (2017). A review on recent advancements in photovoltaic thermal techniques. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 76, 645–672. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2017.03.075

Takashima, T., Anaka, T., Dor, T., Kamoshida, J., Tani, T., & Horigome, T. (1994). New proposal for photovoltaic-thermal solar energy utilization method. Solar Energy, 52(3), 241–245. https://doi.org/10.1016/0038-092X(94)90490-1

Watmuff, J., & Proctor, D. (1977). Solar and wind induced external coefficients – solar collectors. Revue Internationale d’Helio-technique, (May), 56.