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Modern methods for detection of unmanned aerial vehicles

Abstract

Most recent Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) detection methods are discussed in the article. Detection of UAV principles are pointed out during the overview. Brief advantages of each technique is covered and compared in between. Key technological limitations of each technique is pointed out and discussed. Several most recent and actual UAV threat accidents are presented with the indication of the used counter UAV systems. New upcoming threat of “Kamikaze” (selfdestructive) UAV and their detection limitations are presented. Case studies on the hybrid counter drone technology interactions are covered.


In this article, important civil and military types of UAV propulsion are covered. Design features and future consumer demands, are analyzed, aiming at UAV components which are mandatory to perform a flight. Using recently published articles energy sources and thrust power plants are analyzed. UAV detection principles, that include audio signal signature analysis, aerial object video tracking, thermal heat signature analysis, radar systems, radio frequency spectrum and data packet communication detection are covered, pointing out their advantages and limitations.


Conclusions are drawn taking into account future perspective of the UAV technology developments and upcoming future threats of the highest impact. Evaluation of most actual recent articles is made in order to overview weak points of the counter UAV system development techniques. Finally future UAV technology development is analyzed and main safety related threats are indicated. Slowly developing UAV components are indicated, putting more attention on possible UAV detection methods, where UAV mandatory components will not become obsolete.


Article in English.


Modernūs bepiločių orlaivių aptikimo metodai


Santrauka


Bepiločiai orlaiviai (BO) tapo XXI a. fenomenu. Jie plačiai naudojami policijos, gelbėjimo tarnybų, pasitelkiami kariuomenės poreikiams, tapo geodezijos, žemės ūkio specialistų, filmų kūrėjų ir kitų sričių entuziastų kasdieniu įrankiu. Deja, kasdien dažnėjant bepiločių orlaivių piktavališko naudojimo atvejams, sparčiai didėjant įrangos prieinamumui ir jos autonomiškumui, aptikti bepiločius orlaivius tampa sudėtingu technologiniu ir saugumo užtikrinimo iššūkiu. Vertinant bepiločių orlaivių valdymo galimybes pasitelkus dirbtinį intelektą, artimiausioje ateityje bepiločių orlaivių skrydžiai bus galimi be radijo ryšio palaikymo ar klasikinės navigacijos priemonių. Tobulėjančios autonominio išmanaus skrydžio valdymo technologijos palieka minimalias galimybes aptikti bepiločio orlaivio autonominius skrydžius, ypač kai to reikia visuomenės saugumui ar valstybės strateginių objektų apsaugai užtikrinti.


Šiame straipsnyje apžvelgiami pagrindinės bepiločių orlaivių traukos jėgainės ir energijos šaltiniai. Analizuojami populiariausi bepiločių orlaivių atpažinimo metodai, jų privalumai ir trūkumai. Atkreipiamas dėmesys į skirtingų bepiločių orlaivių aptikimo metodų taikymo galimybes ir jų apribojimus. Išvadose apibendrinamos bepiločių orlaivių aptikimo technologijų vystymosi tendencijos, artimiausi iššūkiai ir teikiamos įžvalgos moderniems bepiločių orlaivių aptikimo metodams.


Reikšminiai žodžiai: bepiločių orlaivių (BO) aptikimas, atpažinimas, UAV, C-UAS.

Keyword : UAV detection, anti drone system, counter drone, C-UAS systems

How to Cite
Jačionis, T. (2020). Modern methods for detection of unmanned aerial vehicles. Mokslas – Lietuvos Ateitis / Science – Future of Lithuania, 12. https://doi.org/10.3846/mla.2020.11435
Published in Issue
Feb 19, 2020
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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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