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Indicators of service quality of public transport / Viešojo transporto paslaugų kokybės rodikliai

Abstract

This article presents the findings in the field of public transport planning, routes network optimization and service demand affecting indicators as well as analysis of public transport indicators in Klaipėda City. It investigates a wide range of approaches to the evaluation process of service quality of public transport proposed by scientists and these field practitioners and defines the most significant indicators. The article encourages discussions for further research of defined indicators of public transport service and proposes its ranking from the most significant one. Findings are suggested being used for policymakers, planners or other researchers as the base for the evaluation of public transport service network in cities, also to evaluate the quality and compare the results among transport districts within the city limits. By knowing the core of the problem of the network of public transport service, it is possible to plan the changes and improve the service quality, therefore, ridership of the system.


Santrauka


Šiame straipsnyje pristatyti viešojo transporto planavimui, maršrutų tinklo optimizavimui bei šios paslaugos poreikiui įtakos turintys veiksniai (rodikliai) ir taip pat viešojo transporto veiksnių (rodiklių) analizė Klaipėdos mieste. Jame nagrinėtas įvairių mokslininkų ir šios srities specialistų požiūris į viešojo transporto paslaugų kokybės vertinimą ir išskirti svarbiausi rodikliai. Straipsnyje skatinama diskusija dėl tolesnio viešojo transporto rodiklių tyrimo ir siūloma juos įvertinti pagal svarbumą. Siūloma, kad politikos formuotojai, planuotojai ar kiti tyrėjai rodiklius taikytų kaip pagrindą viešojo transporto paslaugų tinklui vertinti miestuose, taip pat įvertintų tinklo kokybę ir palygintų rezultatus tarp miesto transportinių rajonų. Nustačius viešojo transporto tinklo problemas, galima planuoti pokyčius ir pagerinti paslaugų kokybę, kartu padidinant sistemos naudojimą.


Reikšminiai žodžiai: GIS, paslaugų kokybė, poreikio nustatymas, transporto planavimas, viešasis transportas, viešojo transporto indikatoriai.

Keyword : demand identification, public transport, public transport indicators, service quality, transport planning, GIS

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Sep 28, 2018
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