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Išmaniųjų miestų apžvalga ir analizė / Overview and analysis of smart cities

Abstract

The continuous increase in urban population and the complexity of urban governance encourage local authorities to use technologies that support the higher quality of urban spaces and better public service delivery. Smart city projects have become more and more popular throughout the world over the past year, although the concept of smart cities is far from unambiguous. The experience of the whole world shows that cities define themselves as smart, but in each case the meaning assigned to them is different. Smart cities are an increasingly widespread urban development strategy that addresses urban issues through new technological advances, often by storing massive amounts of data from the daily activities of city residents in order to find the most effective way to use certain systems in the future. The concept of a smart city, its various meanings, features and main aspects are discussed in this article by using scientific sources. The comparison of Vilnius as a smart city with other European cities is done.


Santrauka


Ištisinis miesto gyventojų skaičiaus didėjimas ir miestų valdymo sudėtingumas skatina vietos valdžios institucijas taikyti technologijas, kurios palaikytų aukštesnę miesto erdvių kokybę ir geresnį viešųjų paslaugų teikimą. Per pastaruosius metus išmaniųjų miestų (angl. Smart City) projektai buvo vis populiaresni ir plačiai paplitę visame pasaulyje, nors išmaniųjų miestų sąvoka toli gražu nėra vienareikšmė. Viso pasaulio patirtis rodo, kad nors miestai apibrėžiami kaip išmanieji, tačiau kiekvienu atveju tam priskiriama reikšmė yra skirtinga. Išmanieji miestai yra vis labiau paplitusi miestų plėtros strategija, kurią taikant miesto problemos sprendžiamos pasitelkiant naują technologinę pažangą, dažnai kaupiant didžiulį duomenų kiekį, surenkamą iš miesto gyventojų kasdienės veiklos, siekiant rasti kuo efektyviausią būdą, kaip ateityje panaudoti tam tikras sistemas. Šiame straipsnyje, naudojantis mokslinės literatūros šaltiniais, aptariama išmaniojo miesto sąvoka, įvairios jos reikšmės, bruožai, pagrindiniai aspektai bei koncepcija, atliekamas Vilniaus, kaip išmaniojo miesto, palyginimas su kitais Europos miestais.


Reikšminiai žodžiai: infrastruktūra, išmanusis miestas, miesto plėtra, valdymas.

Keyword : infrastructure, management, smart city, urban development

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Sep 28, 2018
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