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The point charge oscillator: qualitative and analytical investigations

Abstract

We study the mathematical model of the point charge oscillator which has been derived by A. Beléndez et al. [2]. First we determine the global phase portrait of this model in the Poincaré disk. It consists of a family of closed orbits surrounding the unique finite equilibrium point and of a continuum of homoclinic orbits to the unique equilibrium point at infinity.


Next we derive analytic expressions for the relationship between period (frequency) and amplitude. Further, we prove that the period increases monotone with the amplitude and derive an expression for its growth rate as the amplitude tends to infinity.


Finally, we determine a relation between period and amplitude by means of the complete elliptic integral of the first kind K(k) and of the Jacobi elliptic function cn.

Keyword : point charge oscillator, global phase portrait, closed orbits, amplitude-period relation, Jacobi elliptic function

How to Cite
Schneider, K. (2019). The point charge oscillator: qualitative and analytical investigations. Mathematical Modelling and Analysis, 24(3), 372-384. https://doi.org/10.3846/mma.2019.023
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Apr 19, 2019
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