Genetic algorithm-based calibration of reduced order galerkin models
Low-dimensional models, allowing quick prediction of fluid behaviour, are key enablers of closed-loop flow control. Reduction of the model's dimension and inconsistency of high-fidelity data set and the reduced-order formulation lead to the decrease of accuracy. The quality of Reduced-Order Models might be improved by a calibration procedure. It leads to global optimization problem which consist in minimizing objective function like the prediction error of the model.
In this paper, Reduced-Order Models of an incompressible flow around a bluff body are constructed, basing on Galerkin Projection of governing equations onto a space spanned by the most dominant eigenmodes of the Proper Orthogonal Decomposition (POD). Calibration of such models is done by adding to Galerkin System some linear and quadratic terms, which coefficients are estimated using Genetic Algorithm.