Is credit rating reserved territory for credit rating agencies? A MULTIMOORA approach for European firms and countries

    Willem K. M. Brauers Affiliation
    ; Natalija Lepkova Affiliation


Credit Rating Agencies rate firms and countries by internal experts but with a final qualitative judgment by their management acting as decision makers. These ratings on their turn influence the countries credit rating and ipso facto of their enterprises. The work of the CRA is in fact double: credit rating of firms and other organizations at one side and countries on the other. Considering the credit rating of firms, the CRA made significant mistakes during the Recession 2007−2009 and their judgment is too much American oriented, in any way from a European point of view. Consequently, in Europe many efforts were made to come to a new agency, but all efforts failed. It could be different for the rating of countries. Is a more scientific approach, eventually on a quantitative and structural basis, not possible? Therefore, MULTIMOORA, a quantitative method, is suggested. The study was made for all countries of the European Continent. Based on data available in 2013 and on their extrapolation, the results are quite comparable to the results of Standard & Poor’s Credit Rating System of the moment. As the classifications of Moody’s and Fitch are very similar to those of Standard & Poor’s the outcome would be similar for these other Credit Rating Agencies.

Keyword : credit rating agencies, multi-objective optimization, ratio system, reference point method, full multiplicative form, MULTIMOORA

How to Cite
Brauers, W. K. M., & Lepkova, N. (2019). Is credit rating reserved territory for credit rating agencies? A MULTIMOORA approach for European firms and countries. Technological and Economic Development of Economy, 25(6), 1259-1281.
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Oct 16, 2019
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