A modified D numbers methodology for environmental impact assessment

    Ningkui Wang Affiliation
    ; Daijun Wei Affiliation


Environmental impact assessment (EIA) is usually evaluated by many factors influenced by various kinds of uncertainty or fuzziness. As a result, the key issues of EIA problem are to rep­resent and deal with the uncertain or fuzzy information. D numbers theory, as the extension of Dempster-Shafer theory of evidence, is a desirable tool that can express uncertainty and fuzziness, both complete and incomplete, quantitative or qualitative. However, some shortcomings do exist in D numbers combination process, the commutative property is not well considered when multiple D numbers are combined. Though some attempts have made to solve this problem, the previous method is not appropriate and convenience as more information about the given evaluations rep­resented by D numbers are needed. In this paper, a data-driven D numbers combination rule is proposed, commutative property is well considered in the proposed method. In the combination process, there does not require any new information except the original D numbers. An illustrative example is provided to demonstrate the effectiveness of the method.

First published online: 09 May 2017

Keyword : D numbers theory, EIA, decision making, uncertainty, incompleteness, fuzziness

How to Cite
Wang, N., & Wei, D. (2018). A modified D numbers methodology for environmental impact assessment. Technological and Economic Development of Economy, 24(2), 653–669.
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Mar 20, 2018
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