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Mining risk-related sentiment in corporate annual reports and its effect on financial performance

    Renáta Myšková Affiliation
    ; Petr Hájek Affiliation

Abstract

Models that predict corporate financial risk are important early-warning systems for corporate stakeholders. Most models to date have been developed using financial indicators. However, in financial decision-making, increasing attention is being paid to the role of textual information, which may provide additional insight into managerial opinions and intentions and which has recently been used to more effectively predict corporate financial performance. Previous approaches in this regard have predominantly focused on sentiment analysis of managerial communication. However, the role of context-related sentiment remains poorly understood in the financial risk domain. Here, we investigate how risk-related sentiment in verbal managerial communication might predict corporate financial performance, including indebtedness, profitability, market value and bankruptcy risk. To ensure deductive content validity, we propose specific word lists for each type of corporate financial risk and assign each word with positive / negative labels. Our findings provide evidence for a major role of risk-related sentiment as an indicator of corporate performance in terms of financial risks. Notably, using novel risk-related word lists in regression models, we show that a proactive and opportunity-seeking risk management has a significantly positive impact on financial performance, implying that stakeholders should carefully consider the risk-related managerial communication in corporate annual reports.


First published online 19 November 2020

Keyword : sentiment, financial risk, annual report, managerial communication, financial performance

How to Cite
Myšková, R., & Hájek, P. (2020). Mining risk-related sentiment in corporate annual reports and its effect on financial performance. Technological and Economic Development of Economy, 26(6), 1422-1443. https://doi.org/10.3846/tede.2020.13758
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Nov 26, 2020
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