Optimizing phase compression for transit signal priority at isolated intersections
Transit signal priority (TSP) is a promising low-cost strategy that gives preferential treatments for the buses to go through intersections with minimum delay time. In this paper, a new TSP control model was presented for isolated intersections to minimize bus delay and to reduce the impact of TSP on other vehicles by optimizing signal control phase selection and compression. This paper starts with the phase selection and compression strategies to provide treatments to bus priority requests. Then, two new features on phase selection and compression aspects are applied to TSP, i.e. the time that a bus priority request needs is provided by the phase(s) with the lowest traffic volume, and multi-phases can be selected to serve a bus request. Field data are collected from a major traffic corridor in Changzhou (China) and applied for VISSIM simulation. The proposed TSP control model as well as the fixed-time control and the conventional TSP control models are tested and compared under different traffic demands, headways and maximum saturation degrees. The comparative results showed that the proposed model outperformed the conventional TSP control model in terms of reducing bus delay, minimizing the impact on other vehicles and reducing the stop rate for buses. This paper reveals that, the proposed TSP strategy can significantly optimize the phase compression process and improve transit efficiency.