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Effect of lateral stiffness of secondary suspensions on heavy-haul locomotives stability during braking based on simulation and experiment

    Lirong Guo Affiliation
    ; Kaiyun Wang Affiliation
    ; Zaigang Chen Affiliation
    ; Zhiyong Shi Affiliation
    ; Kaikai Lv Affiliation
    ; Rui Zhang Affiliation

Abstract

This paper aimed to investigate the effect of the lateral stiffness of secondary suspensions on the stability capacity and running safety of heavy-haul locomotives during braking based on the dynamic model and the field braking tests. The dynamic model of heavy-haul locomotives included two double-unit locomotives and five coupler systems. Simulation results indicate that the increasing of the lateral stiffness of secondary suspensions can improve the stability capacity and running safety of heavy-haul locomotives. Then, the field braking experiments were conducted to validate the dynamic model. Comparing the experiment results of different locomotives, the coupler and carbody yaw angles are respectively decreased by 31.8 and 29.5%, which is consistent with the simulation results. It is worthy to be noted that lateral vibration behaviour of the carbody increases with the increasing of the lateral stiffness of secondary suspensions. For the improved locomotive, the main frequency of lateral acceleration is 1…2 Hz. However, the main frequency of lateral acceleration is 0.5…1 Hz in the original locomotive tests. Moreover, the high-frequency vibration is increased, especially in 10…12.5 Hz. According to the simulation and experiment results, the reasonable lateral stiffness of secondary suspensions is 400 kN/m for the test locomotive.

Keyword : locomotive stability, coupler and draft gear system, braking, lateral stiffness, secondary suspensions, running safety

How to Cite
Guo, L., Wang, K., Chen, Z., Shi, Z., Lv, K., & Zhang, R. (2019). Effect of lateral stiffness of secondary suspensions on heavy-haul locomotives stability during braking based on simulation and experiment. Transport, 34(5), 548-558. https://doi.org/10.3846/transport.2019.11509
Published in Issue
Nov 21, 2019
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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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