Adaptive routing scheme for reliable communication in vehicular ad-hoc network (VANET)
In a wireless communication system, due to the presence of the surrounding objects, the amplitude of the received signal rapidly changes by reflection, diffraction, and scattering and noise is added to the received signal. This prompts multipath fading and interference, which affects the quality of communication. The proposed Adaptive Routing Scheme (ARS) considers the algorithm Reliable Routing (RR) using Average Bit Error Rate expressed in Nakagami-m fading channel (ABERN-m) to predict the quality of the link, the Energy Efficient Routing (EER) calculates Remaining Battery Energy (RBE) to extend the network lifetime. The Canberra Distance Measure (CDM) is used instead of Euclidean Distance Measure (EDM) to improve the accuracy of distance measurement in mobile nodes. The aim of the proposed scheme is to predict the best optimal path and maintain the consistent path to enhance the Quality of Service (QoS) in real-time communication to improve efficient traffic on the road.
First published online 5 June 2020
Keyword : average bit error rate expressed in Nakagami-m fading channel (ABERN-m), adaptive routing scheme (ARS), energy efficient routing (EER), Canberra distance measure (CDM), Euclidean distance measure (EDM)
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