The impact of driving conditions on light-duty vehicle emissions in real-world driving

    Dong Guo Affiliation
    ; Jinbao Zhao Affiliation
    ; Yi Xu Affiliation
    ; Feng Sun Affiliation
    ; Kai Li Affiliation
    ; Juan Wang Affiliation
    ; Yuhang Sun Affiliation


To accurately estimate the effect of driving conditions on vehicle emissions, an on-road light-duty vehicle emission platform was established based on OEM-2100TM, and each second data of mass emission rate corresponding to the driving conditions were obtained through an on-road test. The mass emission rate was closely related to the velocity and acceleration in real-world driving. This study shows that a high velocity and acceleration led to high real-world emissions. The vehicle emissions were the minimum when the velocity ranged from 30 to 50 km/h and the acceleration was less than 0.5 m/s2. Microscopic emission models were established based the on-road test, and single regression models were constructed based on velocity and acceleration separately. Binary regression and neural network models were established based on the joint distribution of velocity and acceleration. Comparative analysis of the accuracy of prediction and evaluation under different emission models, total error, second-based error, related coefficient, and sum of squared error were considered as evaluation indexes to validate different models. The results show that the three established emission models can be used to make relatively accurate prediction of vehicle emission on actual roads. The velocity regression model can be easily combined with traffic simulation models because of its simple parameters. However, the application of neural network model is limited by a complex coefficient matrix.

First published online 19 March 2020

Keyword : on-road emission test, driving conditions, light-duty vehicle, velocity, acceleration, mass emission rate

How to Cite
Guo, D., Zhao, J., Xu, Y., Sun, F., Li, K., Wang, J., & Sun, Y. (2020). The impact of driving conditions on light-duty vehicle emissions in real-world driving. Transport, 35(4), 379-388.
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Sep 29, 2020
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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


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