Ground-borne noise and vibration transmitted from subway networks to multi-storey reinforced concrete buildings

    Konstantinos Vogiatzis Affiliation
    ; Harris Mouzakis Affiliation


During the operation of urban subway rail transit systems, vibrations are generated that transmitted through the soil, induce vibrations in nearby buildings. The transmission of ground-borne vibrations from subway rail transit systems in a building is governed by the soil-foundation interaction, the reduction of vibration level between floors, and the amplication due to resonances of building elements. These are influenced by the type of the building, its construction materials, the foundation soil, and the frequency content of the excitation. A methodology is proposed for the determination of the sound vibration along the height of the building for a specic construction type, demonstrating how the attenuation and amplication parameters can be calculated. For this particular building type, a notable amplication of the vibration due to floor and other structural resonances was found, whereas the vibration and hence the radiated noise levels are similar from the first floor up. An overall building amplication factor is proposed, taking into account all the above mentioned transmission mechanisms.

First published online 04 September 2017

Keyword : ground-borne noise, vibration, subway, rail transit, multi-story buildings, reinforced concrete

How to Cite
Vogiatzis, K., & Mouzakis, H. (2018). Ground-borne noise and vibration transmitted from subway networks to multi-storey reinforced concrete buildings. Transport, 33(2), 446-453.
Published in Issue
Jan 26, 2018
Abstract Views
PDF Downloads
Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


Chua, K. H.; Lo, K. W.; Balendra, T. 1995. Building response due to subway train traffic, Journal of Geotechnical Engineering 121(11): 747–754.

Connolly, D. P.; Kouroussis, G.; Laghrouche, O.; Ho, C. L.; Forde, M. C. 2015a. Benchmarking railway vibrations – track, vehicle, ground and building effects, Construction and Building Materials 92: 64–81.

Connolly, D. P.; Marecki, G. P.; Kouroussis, G.; Thalassinakis, I.; Woodward, P. K. 2015b. The growth of railway ground vibration problems – a review, Science of the Total Environment 568: 1276–1282.

Crispino, M.; D’Apuzzo, M. 2001. Measurement and prediction of traffic-induced vibrations in a heritage building, Journal of Sound and Vibration 246(2): 319–335.

Hunt, H. E. M. 1995. Prediction of vibration transmission from railways into buildings using models of infinite length, Vehicle System Dynamics: International Journal of Vehicle Mechanics and Mobility 24: 234–247.

Ishii, K.; Tachibana, H. 1978. Field measurements of structure‐borne sound propagation in buildings, The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 64.

Kliukas, R.; Jaras, A.; Kačianauskas, R. 2008. Investigation of traffic‐induced vibration in Vilnius Arch‐Cathedral Belfry, Transport 23(4): 323–329.

Kouroussis, G.; Van Parys, L.; Conti, C.; Verlinden, O. 2013. Prediction of ground vibrations induced by urban railway traffic: an analysis of the coupling assumptions between vehicle, track, soil, and buildings, International Journal of Acoustics and Vibration 18(4): 163–172.

Kouroussis, G.; Connolly, D. P.; Verlinden, O. 2014a. Railway-induced ground vibrations – a review of vehicle effects, International Journal of Rail Transportation 2(2): 69–110.

Kouroussis, G.; Pauwels, N.; Brux, P.; Conti, C.; Verlinden, O. 2014b. A numerical analysis of the influence of tram characteristics and rail profile on railway traffic ground-borne noise and vibration in the Brussels Region, Science of the Total Environment 482–483: 452–460.

Kouroussis, G.; Alexandrou, G.; Connolly, D. P.; Vogiatzis, K.; Verlinden, O. 2015a. Railway-induced ground vibrations in the presence of local track irregularities and wheel flats, in COMPDYN 2015: 5th ECCOMAS Thematic Conference on Computational Methods in Structural Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering, 25–27 May 2015, Crete Island, Greece, 26–37.

Kouroussis, G.; Connolly, D. P.; Alexandrou, G.; Vogiatzis, K. 2015b. The effect of railway local irregularities on ground vibration, Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment 39: 17–30.

Mouzakis, H.; Vogiatzis, K. 2016. Ground-borne noise and vibration transmitted from subways networks to a typical Athenian multi-story reinforced concrete building, in ICSV 23: 23rd International Congress on Sound & Vibration: from Ancient to Modern Acoustics, 10–14 July 2016, Athens, Greece, 1–8.

Ungar, E. E.; Bender, E. K. 1975. Vibrations produced in buildings by passage of subway trains; parameter estimation for preliminary design, in Inter-Noise 75: International Conference on Noise Control Engineering, 27–29 August 1975, Sendai, Japan, 491–498.

Vanagas, E.; Kliukas, R.; Lukoševičienė, O.; Maruschak, P.; Patapavičius, A.; Juozapaitis, A. 2017. A feasibility study of using composite reinforcement in transport and power industry structures, Transport 32(3): 321–329.

Vogiatzis, K. 2012. Protection of the cultural heritage from underground metro vibration and ground-borne noise in Athens centre: the case of the Kerameikos archaeological museum and Gazi cultural centre, International Journal of Acoustics and Vibration 17(2): 59–72.

Vogiatzis, K. 2010. Noise and vibration theoretical evaluation and monitoring program for the protection of the ancient “Kapnikarea Church” from Athens metro operation, International Review of Civil Engineering 1(5): 328–333.

Vogiatzis, K. E.; Kouroussis, G. 2015. Prediction and efficient control of vibration mitigation using floating slabs: practical application at Athens metro lines 2 and 3, International Journal of Rail Transportation 3(4): 215–232.

Wilson, G. P. 1971. Ground-borne Vibration Levels from Rock and Earth Base Subways. Report. Wilson Ihrig & Associates Inc., Oakland, California, US.