A theory of multiple vehicle type dynamic marginal cost considering departure time choices
The analysis of single vehicle type dynamic marginal cost is extended to multiple vehicle type dynamic one based on time‐dependent multiple vehicle type queue analysis at a bottleneck. First, a dynamic link model to rep‐ resent the interactions between cars and trucks is provided. Then, the analytic expression of a multiple vehicle type dynamic marginal cost function considering departure time choices is deduced under congested and un‐congested conditions and consequently, a dynamic toll function is given. A heuristic algorithm is introduced to solve multiple vehicle type dynamic queues and toll under system optimum and user equilibrium conditions taking into account traveler's departure time. A numerical example shows that a dynamic congestion toll can diminish queues and improve system conditions when traffic demand is not changed.
First published online: 10 Feb 2011