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Appraisal of combined agreements in BOT project finance: Focused on minimum revenue guarantee and revenue cap agreements

    Jaebum Jun Affiliation

Abstract

Limited public funds for infrastructures have the government consider joining the private in a BOT project finance scheme. Generally, the BOT projects entail lots of managerial flexibilities that may induce the radical change of project's cash flows, an asymmetric payoff, when facing on the uncertainties due to the BOT project finance's unique characteristics. Among various managerial flexibilities in the BOT projects, the MRG (Minimum Revenue Guarantee) and the RCP (Revenue Cap) agreements are frequently used to protect the government and the developer from the operational risk. However, the combined effect of the MRG and RCP on the project value is not understood well because the traditional capital budgeting theory, the NPV (Net Present Value) analysis, is limited to assess the contingency of these agreements. So, the purpose of this paper is to develop the numerical model to assess the combined impact of the MRG and RCP agreements on the project value based on the option pricing theory and to suggest a theoretical framework. The approach applied in this paper is justified with the hypothetical BOT toll case and some meaningful conclusions are drawn from. The results by the option pricing concept are analyzed over those by NPV analysis and, finally, the combined value of the MRG and RCP agreements appears significant relative to the project value.


Santruka


Del ribotu viešojo sektoriaus lešu vyriausybe nusprende sujungti privačias lešas pagal SVP (angl. BOT) projektu finansavimo schema. Paprastai SVP projektai yra lanksčiai valdomi, todel gali sukelti radikaliu pokyčiu grynuosiuose projekto pinigu srautuose asimetrini atsipirkima del unikaliu SVP projektu finansavimo savybiu. Tarp ivairiu lanksčiu SVP projektu valdymo pavyzdžiu minetini minimalios pajamu garantijos (angl. MRG) ir pajamu kapitalizacijos (angl. RCP) susitarimai. Jie dažnai naudojami siekiant apsaugoti valdžia ir vystytoja nuo veiklos rizikos. Tačiau bendras minimaliu pajamu garantiju ir pajamu kapitalizacijos susitarimu poveikis projekto vertei nesuprantamas ir del to, kad tradicine kapitalo teorija, grynosios dabartines vertes (angl. NPV) analize yra ribotos vertinant nenumatytus šiu susitarimu atvejus. Taigi šio straipsnio tikslas ‐ pletoti skaitmenini modeli, ivertinti bendra minetu susitarimu poveiki projekto vertei, pagristai pasirinkto sandorio ikainojimo teorija, ir pasiūlyti teorini pagrindima. Šiame straipsnyje taikomas metodas pagristas hipotetiniais SVP rinkliavos atvejais ir kai kuriomis padarytomis išvadomis. Pasirinkto sandorio ikainojimo samprata analizuojama atliekant grynosios dabartines vertes analize, kol bendra minimaliu pajamu garantiju ir pajamu kapitalizacijos susitarimu verte tampa labai svarbi, palyginti su projekto verte.


First Published Online: 18 Oct 2010

Keyword : BOT (Build-Operate-Transfer) project finance, Option pricing theory, MRG (Minimum Revenue Guarantee) agreement, RCP (Revenue Cap) agreement, Repeatedly-exercisable call-put compound option

How to Cite
Jun, J. (2010). Appraisal of combined agreements in BOT project finance: Focused on minimum revenue guarantee and revenue cap agreements. International Journal of Strategic Property Management, 14(2), 139-155. https://doi.org/10.3846/ijspm.2010.11
Published in Issue
Jun 30, 2010
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