Fuzzy COPRAS method for performance measurement in total productive maintenance: a comparative analysis
Modern manufacturing firms should be supported by effective maintenance to become successful in their operations. One of the approaches for improving the performance of maintenance activities is to implement a total productive maintenance (TPM) strategy. Overall equipment effectiveness (OEE) is the key measure of TPM. According to the results of the literature review, the performance elements measured by the OEE tool are not sufficient to describe the effectiveness of TPM implementation. Hence, we aim at developing and evaluating new performance measures oriented towards the quantification of TPM implementation effectiveness under fuzzy environment. For the evaluation of each performance measure, at first, the nominal group technique has been used. Then to determine whether these performance measures are statistically significant, conjoint analysis based experimental design has been applied. In the second step, COmplex PRo-portional ASsessment of alternatives with Grey relations (COPRAS-G) and the fuzzy COPRAS method has been developed to evaluate these performance measures in TPM. Proposed fuzzy COPRAS method gives the reassuring results of ranking newly developed performance measures in TPM.