Share:


Discrete modified projection methods for Urysohn integral equations with Green’s function type kernels

    Rekha P. Kulkarni   Affiliation
    ; Gobinda Rakshit Affiliation

Abstract

In the present paper we consider discrete versions of the modified projection methods for solving a Urysohn integral equation with a kernel of the type of Green’s function. For r ≥ 0, a space of piecewise polynomials of degree ≤ r with respect to an uniform partition is chosen to be the approximating space. We define a discrete orthogonal projection onto this space and replace the Urysohn integral operator by a Nyström approximation. The order of convergence which we obtain for the discrete version indicates the choice of numerical quadrature which preserves the orders of convergence in the continuous modified projection methods. Numerical results are given for a specific example.

Keyword : Urysohn integral operator, orthogonal projection, Nyström approximation, Green’s kernel

How to Cite
Kulkarni, R. P., & Rakshit, G. (2020). Discrete modified projection methods for Urysohn integral equations with Green’s function type kernels. Mathematical Modelling and Analysis, 25(3), 421-440. https://doi.org/10.3846/mma.2020.11093
Published in Issue
May 13, 2020
Abstract Views
695
PDF Downloads
382
Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

References

K.E. Atkinson. The numerical evaluation of fixed points for completely continuous operators. SIAM Journal on Numerical Analysis, 10(5):799–807, 1973. https://doi.org/10.1137/0710065

K.E. Atkinson, I. Graham and I. Sloan. Piecewise continuous collocation for integral equations. SIAM Journal on Numerical Analysis, 20(1):172–186, 1983. https://doi.org/10.1137/0720012

K.E. Atkinson and F.A. Potra. Projection and iterated projection methods for nonlinear integral equations. SIAM Journal on Numerical Analysis, 24(6):1352– 1373, 1987. https://doi.org/10.1137/0724087

K.E. Atkinson and F.A. Potra. The discrete Galerkin method for nonlinear integral equations. Journal of Integral Equations and Applications, 1(1):17–54, 1988. https://doi.org/10.1216/JIE-1988-1-1-17

L. Grammont. A Galerkin’s perturbation type method to approximate a fixed point of a compact operator. International Journal of Pure and Applied Mathematics, 69(1):1–14, 2011.

L. Grammont and R.P. Kulkarni. A superconvergent projection method for nonlinear compact operator equations. C.R. Acad. Sci. Paris, 342(3):215–218, 2006. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.crma.2005.11.011

L. Grammont, R.P. Kulkarni and T.J. Nidhin. Modified projection method for Urysohn integral equations with non-smooth kernels. Journal of Computational and Applied Mathematics, 294:309–322, 2016. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cam.2015.08.020

M.A. Krasnosel’skii. Topological methods in the theory of nonlinear integral equations. Macmillan, New York, 1964.

M.A. Krasnosel’skii, G.M. Vainikko, P.P. Zabreiko, Y.B. Ruticki and V.V. Stet’senko. Approximate solution of operator equations. P. Noordhoff, Groningen, 1972.

M.A. Krasnosel’skii and P.P. Zabreiko. Geometrical methods of nonlinear analysis. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1984.

R.P. Kulkarni and G. Rakshit. Discrete modified projection method for Urysohn integral equations with smooth kernels. Applied Numerical Mathematics, 126:180–198, 2018. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apnum.2017.12.008