Macroscopic modeling and control of emission in urban road traffic networks
This work suggests a framework for modeling the traffic emissions in urban road traffic networks that are described by the Network Fundamental Diagram (NFD) concept. Traffic emission is formalized in finite spatiotemporal windows as a function of aggregated traffic variables, i.e. Total Travel Distances (TTDs) in the network and network average speed. The framework is extended for the size of an urban network during a signal cycle – the size of a window in which the network aggregated parameters are modeled in the NFD concept. Simulations have been carried out for model accuracy analysis, using the microscopic Versit+Micro model as reference. By applying the macroscopic emission model function and the traffic modeling relationships, the control objective for pollution reduction has also been formalized. Basically, multi-criteria control design has been introduced for two criteria: maximization of the TTD and minimization of traffic emissions within the network.